Anxiety Flashcards Preview

PE - Psychology > Anxiety > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anxiety Deck (26):
1

What is the definition of anxiety?

It is a negative emotional state associated with feelings of worry or nervousness relating to activation/arousal

2

What is competitive anxiety?

Worry or apprehension experienced during/about competitive experiences.

3

What does anxiety relate to the feeling of?

Being threatened

4

What 4 things can people feel threatened about?

Threat of physical harm
Threat to self-esteem
Threat of letting people down
Threat of punishment

5

What are the 4 factors related to competitive anxiety?

Individual differences
Different types of anxiety
General/specific anxiety
The competition process

6

Explain individual differences as a factor of competitive anxiety

It's the way people interact with a situation for example, important games may generate more anxiety than friendly games.

7

Explain different types of anxiety as a factor of competitive anxiety

Trait anxiety (A trait) genetic - perceive most situations as threatening
State anxiety immediate condition of anxiety
High trait anxiety more likely to experience high state anxiety in stressful situations.

8

Explain general/specific anxiety as a factor of competitive anxiety.

High A trait performers are more likely to be anxious in stressful situations but anxiety levels vary.
May be anxious in a match but not during training. This is known as competitive trait anxiety

9

Explain the competition process as a factor of competitive anxiety

This involves the interaction between personality factors, competitive trait anxiety and the situation. This interaction may cause state anxiety.

10

What are the 2 forms of anxiety?

Somatic and cognitive

11

How do you test anxiety?

The Sport Competition Anxiety Test (SCAT)

12

Describe cognitive anxiety

This is the thought component of anxiety. Associated with worry, apprehension and the fear of negative evaluation of performance

13

Describe somatic anxiety

The physical component of anxiety. Associated with an increase in HR, Bp and respiration rate. This is triggered by cognitive anxiety.

14

What is the effect when both somatic and cognitive anxiety are high?

Negative effect on performance.
They are linked so control of both is needed to optimise performance

15

What does being in the zone mean the performer is?

Relaxed, confident, focused, performing effortlessly, moving automatically, having fun, in control.

16

Describe cue utilisation

Picking up on all the relevant cues
Ignoring irrelevant cues
Ideal attentional field.

17

What is perceptual narrowing?

As arousal increases the attentional field of that person narrows.

18

What is selective attention?

When a performer picks up on all the relevant cues and ignores the irrelevant cues.

19

What are the 8 ways people can manage their anxiety?

Mental rehearsal
Imagery
Positive self talk
Rational thinking
Negative thought stopping
Goals
Distractions
Yoga

20

Describe what mental rehearsal is as a technique to manage anxiety

Mentally repeating what needs to be done

21

Describe what imagery is as a technique to manage anxiety

Creating mental pictures

22

Describe what positive self talk is as a technique to manage anxiety

Positive thinking leads to optimistic attitudes

23

Describe what rational thinking is as a technique to manage anxiety

Thinking what can/can't be achieved or reflecting on positive past experiences

24

Describe what negative thought stopping is as a technique to manage anxiety

Blocking out irrational/ negative thoughts

25

Describe what goals are as a technique to manage anxiety

Goal setting that is SMART/realistic/achievable
Or use process/performance goals

26

Describe how distractions work as a technique to manage anxiety

Using distractions to avoid stressors
Eg music, people, doing other activities