AOS 1 - Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AOS 1 - Unit 3 Deck (53)
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Biological Determinant

Factors relating to the body that impact on health such as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels and birth weight.

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Behavioural Determinant

Actions or patterns of living of an individual or group that impact on health.

Alcohol consumption, drug use, tobacco smoking, physical activity, dietary behaviour, sexual behaviours, vaccination status and risk taking behaviour.

2

Social Determinant

Aspects of society and the social environment that impact on health.

Work, food security, socioeconomic status, unemployment, stress, social exclusion and isolation.

3

Physical Environment

Physical surroundings in which we work, live and play.

Climate and climate change, housing, work environment, urban design and infrastructure, air quality.

4

Health

A complete state of physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

5

Burden of disease

A measure of the impact of disease and injuries. It measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to be an old age free of disease and disability.

Measured in DALY's

YLL+YLD =DALY's

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Chronic

Describes conditions that last an extended period of time. (6+ months)

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Disability adjusted life year

A measure of burden of disease. One DALY equals one year of life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury.

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Disability weight

A measurement that indicates how serve a condition is and how much weight will occur due to present disability.

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Dynamic

Undergoes changes over time.

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Health indicators

Standard statistics that are used to measure and compare health.

Life expectancy, mortality and morbidity rates.

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Holistic

An approach to health that takes the whole body or issue into account not simply the individual part of specific condition.

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Maternal mortality rate (MMR)

Number of deaths of pregnant women or in the first 42 days of giving birth.

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Hospital separation

An episode of hospital care that starts with admission and ends at transfer (to another institution), discharge or death.

14

Incidence

(In relation to morbidity)
Refers to the number (or rate) of new cases of a disease or condition in a population during a given period, usually 12 months.

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Infermity

A state of being weak, especially from old age.

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Lethargic

Tired, lacking of energy or mental awareness.

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Mental health

State of wellbeing in which the individual can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitful and is able to make a contribution to his/her community.

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Morbidity

Refers to ill health in an individual or levels of ill health in a population.

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Mortality

Refers to deaths in the population (per 100,00)

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Trend

General movement or pattern (in data)

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YLD's

A measure of now many 'healthy' years of life are lost due to illness, injury or disability.

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YLL's

A measure of how many years of expected life are lost due to premature death.

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Infant mortality rate (IMR)

The number of children who die before their first birthday.

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Under 5 mortality rate (U5MR)

Measures the number of children who die before the age of 5 (per 1000 live births)

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Life expectancy

Number of years a person can expect to live based on the year they were born.

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Rural remote

Anyone living outside the major cities.
Rural (big town country area): Bendigo and Ballarat (26% of population)
Remote (middle of nowhere): Genoa and Murrayville (3% of population)

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Metropolitan

Major cities or towns such as Melbourne or Geelong. (70% of population)

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Health status

An individuals or a populations overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of disease risk factors.

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Optimal health

The best level of health an individual can realistically attain.