appendicular skeleton test 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in appendicular skeleton test 1 Deck (24):
1

what is the pectoral girdle?

bones that hold the arms on

2

name this bone:
location: forms joint with membrane and scapula
parts: sternal end, acromial end
("S" shaped bone, attaches sternum to scapula)

clavicle

3

name this bone:
location: posterior and lateral of thorax
parts:spine, acromion, infraspinous fossa, supraspinous fossa, suprascapular notch, subscapular fossa, coracoid process, glenoid cavity,

scapula

4

name this bone:
location: upper arm bone
parts: head, greater and lesser tubercles, inter tubercular sulcus, shaft, deltpid tuberosity, capitulum, trochlea, coronoid fossa, olecranon fossa, medial and lateral epicondyles

humerus

5

name this bone:
location: medial forearm bone,
parts: olecranon, coronoid process, trochlear notch, radial notch, shaft, head, styloid process,

ulna

6

name this bone:
location: lateral forarm bone
parts: head, radial tuberosity, shaft, styloid process,

radius

7

name this bone:
8 carpal bones in two rows
proximal row- thumb- scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform- little finger.
distal row-thumb- trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate-little finger

carpus(wrist)

8

name this bone:
location: 5 bones in palm of hand
parts:base, shaft, head

metacarpals(palm of the hand)

9

name this bone:
location finger bones, 3 per finger, (proximal, middle, distal) thumb has no middle.
parts: base, shaft, head

phalanges

10

what is the pelvic girdle?

formed of 3 bones. 2 hip bones (os coxae) and saccrum holds legs onto body, have lateral acetabulum, os coxae formed of 3 ones.

11

name this bone:
location: superior bone of os coxus
parts: illiac crest, anterior inferior illiac spine, anterior superior illiac spine, posterior superior illiac spine, posterior inferior illiac spine, greater sciatic notch, auricular surface

illium( forms os coxus)

12

name this bone:
location: posterior inferior bone of os coxus
parts:ishial spine, lesser sciatic notch, ishial tuberosity

ishium (forms os coxus)

13

name this bone:
location: inferior, anterior bone of os coxus
parts: pubic tubercle, pubic crest, pubic symphysis

pubis (forms os coxus)

14

What is the Appendicular skeleton ?

arms, legs, and bone that hold them on

15

what is a cup-like structure on lateral os coxae, fits head of the femur?

acetabulum

16

name this bone:
location: single bone of thigh
parts: head and neck, greater and lesser trochanters, shaft, linea aspera, medial and lateral condyles, intercondylar notch(fossa), patellar surface, medial and lateral epicondyles.

femur

17

what is the name for the knee bone?

patella

18

name this bone:
location: medial leg bone
parts: medial and lateral condyles, tibial tuberosity, shaft, anterior crest(border), medial malleolus, fibular notch

tibia

19

name this bone:
location; lateral leg bone
parts: head, shaft, lateral malleolus,

fibula

20

what is the talus?

makes the ankle joint

21

what forms the heel of the foot?

calcaneous

22

what are the tarsal bones?

7 tarsal bones include- navicular, cuboid, medial, intermediate,(middle), lateral cuniform bones from proxial instep

23

what are the metatarsal bones?

5 bones that form distal instep. parts include base, shaft, head.

24

what are the phalanges?

forms toes, each toe has 3 phalanges. the big toe only has 2. parts include base, shaft, head.