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CD 660: Test 1 > Apraxia of Speech > Flashcards

Flashcards in Apraxia of Speech Deck (33):
1

Inability to execute skilled, learned motor acts, despite preservation of motor and sensory systems, comprehension, cooperation and coordination

Apraxia

2

What are the 2 different kinds of apraxia?

ideational and ideomotor

3

a disturbance in the conception of an object or gesture

ideational

4

Ideational apraxia occurs w/ damage to _________.

left parietal lobe; uncommon

5

a disturbance in performance of movements needed to use an object, make a gesture, sequence movements

ideomotor apraxia

6

ideomotor apraxia is a deficit in the ability to ....

carry out the motor plan

7

ideomotor apraxia typically affects ______ movements.

voluntary

8

ideomotor apraxia: can _____ conduct action, but when asked to perform action, they have difficulty doing so.

spontaneously

9

What are the 3 types of ideomotor apraxia?

limb apraxia
nonverbal oral apraxia
apraxia of speech

10

inability to sequence the limbs during a voluntary action; spatially incorrect movements and abnormal or slow and deliberate

limb apraxia

11

orofacial/facial/lingual apraxia; disturbance in sequencing of oral movements unrelated to speech production

non verbal oral apraxia

12

inability to select and sequence the motor commands needed to correctly position the articulators during voluntary productuon of phonemes

apraxia of speech

13

T or F? pure apraxia of speech is common.

False; it is rare

14

Apraxia of speech is not caused by?

-muscle weakness
-abnormal muscle tone
-reduced range of movement
-decreased muscle steadiness

15

AOS is an 1. _________ impairment associated w/ difficulties positioning and sequencing movements of muscles for speech.

artic impairment

16

What is the difference between an artic disorder and a phono disorder?

artic= issue w/ motor abilities to perform a particular sound; more simple

phono= patterned issue w/ producing sounds/whole group affected; more complex

17

AOS is a 2. _______ disorder resulting from sensorimotor impairment.

phono disorder

18

green glass --> gleen glass

phonemic anticipatory error

19

green glass --> green grass

phonemic perserverative error

20

africa --> arifca

phonemic transpositiion error

21

pen --> ben
tan --> dan

phoneme substitutions

22

AOS is a ________ motoric disorder.

phonetic

23

AOS is associated w/ difficult doing what in relation to motor plans?

selecting and organizing for the volitional production of speech

24

Possible and commonly believed theory of cause of AOS

disruption in motor speech programmer (MSP)

25

What hemisphere of the brain does MSP rely heavily on?

left hemisphere (Broca's area)

26

causes of AOS

-stroke
-degenerative disease-
-trauma
-tumors

27

AOS is primarily a disorder of ______ and ______.

artic and prosody

28

3 common speech characteristics of AOS

-trial and error
-groping w/ attempts
-self correct

29

most common artic errors of AOS

-errors repeating words in increasing length
-inconsistent errors for multisyllabic words

30

T or F? Prosody is frequently abnormal in AOS.

True

31

Individuals w/ AOS have difficulty iitating and producing clusters. T or F?

True

32

Is imitation or automatic speech better in individuals with AOS?

automatic speech

33

Prosody in AOS is ____.

slow