Flashcards in Apraxia of Speech Deck (33):
Inability to execute skilled, learned motor acts, despite preservation of motor and sensory systems, comprehension, cooperation and coordination
What are the 2 different kinds of apraxia?
ideational and ideomotor
a disturbance in the conception of an object or gesture
Ideational apraxia occurs w/ damage to _________.
left parietal lobe; uncommon
a disturbance in performance of movements needed to use an object, make a gesture, sequence movements
ideomotor apraxia is a deficit in the ability to ....
carry out the motor plan
ideomotor apraxia typically affects ______ movements.
ideomotor apraxia: can _____ conduct action, but when asked to perform action, they have difficulty doing so.
What are the 3 types of ideomotor apraxia?
nonverbal oral apraxia
apraxia of speech
inability to sequence the limbs during a voluntary action; spatially incorrect movements and abnormal or slow and deliberate
orofacial/facial/lingual apraxia; disturbance in sequencing of oral movements unrelated to speech production
non verbal oral apraxia
inability to select and sequence the motor commands needed to correctly position the articulators during voluntary productuon of phonemes
apraxia of speech
T or F? pure apraxia of speech is common.
False; it is rare
Apraxia of speech is not caused by?
-abnormal muscle tone
-reduced range of movement
-decreased muscle steadiness
AOS is an 1. _________ impairment associated w/ difficulties positioning and sequencing movements of muscles for speech.
What is the difference between an artic disorder and a phono disorder?
artic= issue w/ motor abilities to perform a particular sound; more simple
phono= patterned issue w/ producing sounds/whole group affected; more complex
AOS is a 2. _______ disorder resulting from sensorimotor impairment.
green glass --> gleen glass
phonemic anticipatory error
green glass --> green grass
phonemic perserverative error
africa --> arifca
phonemic transpositiion error
pen --> ben
tan --> dan
AOS is a ________ motoric disorder.
AOS is associated w/ difficult doing what in relation to motor plans?
selecting and organizing for the volitional production of speech
Possible and commonly believed theory of cause of AOS
disruption in motor speech programmer (MSP)
What hemisphere of the brain does MSP rely heavily on?
left hemisphere (Broca's area)
causes of AOS
AOS is primarily a disorder of ______ and ______.
artic and prosody
3 common speech characteristics of AOS
-trial and error
-groping w/ attempts
most common artic errors of AOS
-errors repeating words in increasing length
-inconsistent errors for multisyllabic words
T or F? Prosody is frequently abnormal in AOS.
Individuals w/ AOS have difficulty iitating and producing clusters. T or F?
Is imitation or automatic speech better in individuals with AOS?