Hypokinetic Dysarthria Flashcards Preview

CD 660: Test 1 > Hypokinetic Dysarthria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hypokinetic Dysarthria Deck (14):
1

Hypokinetic dysarthria is a pereceptually distinguishable MSD associated w/ ________.

basal ganglia control circuit pathology

2

Hypokinetic: ?

decreased reange of movement

3

Hyponkinetic dysarthria is most evident in what levels of speech?

Voice
Artic
Prosody

4

Hypokinetic dysarthria is the only dysarthria with ________ as a symptom.

increased rate

5

Association Cortex --> BG --> ______ --> primary motor cortex

Thalamus

6

Damage to BG tends to result in either ______ movement or _____ movement.

reduced

excess involuntary

7

Hypokinesia results from?

lack of dopamine

8

Hyperkinesia results from?

too much dopamine

9

Hypokinesia leads to what s/s?

reduced mobility, increased muscle tone, resistance to movement, slow/stiff movements and difficult to initiate or stop

10

Hyperkinesia leads to what s/s?

involuntary movements and excessive, unpredictable increases in muscle tone/movement

11

Causes of hypokinetic dysarthria?

Parkinson's, vascular, TBI, infections and toxic-metabolic

12

Hypokinetic nonspeech characteristics

-Rigidity
-Akinesia
-Hypokinesia
-Bradykinesia
-Tremor at rest
-Reduced ROM during AMRs
-masked/expressionless facial expression

13

Hypokinetic speech characteristics

-rapid/blurred AMRs
-increased overall rate

14

Pt complaints of Hypokinetic Dysarthria

-difficulty iniating speech
-"stiff lips"
-voice changes
-faster speaing rate
-mumbling/stutter
-lack of emotional tone
-drooling
-swallowing issues