Hyperkinetic Dysarthria Flashcards Preview

CD 660: Test 1 > Hyperkinetic Dysarthria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hyperkinetic Dysarthria Deck (20):
1

Hyperkinetic dysarthrias are a perceptually distinguishable group of MSDs that are most often associated w/ diseases of the ___________.

basal ganglia control circuit

2

Hyperkinetic dysarthrias often have prominent effects on _____.

prosody

3

Hyperkinetic : ________

abnormal/extra involuntary movements

4

Each hyperkinetic movement disorder has its own ________ movements.

involuntary

5

Hypokinetic dysarthria: not enough dopamine produced :: hypokinetic : ______ dopamine

excessive

6

Hyperkinetic dysarthria is primarily characterized by what?

involuntary movements

7

rapid, involuntary, random, purposeless movements of a body part which may be subtle or obvious; unpredictable (fast type)

Chorea

8

involuntary single or repetitive jerks; rhythmic

Myoclonus

9

abnormal posture resulting from excessive co-contraction (slow type)

dystonia

10

refers to rhythmic movement of a body part (resting or action)

essential tremor

11

slow, writhing, purposeless movements

athetosis

12

tremor can affect all muscles of speech but is restricted to what specific structure?

the larynx

13

a rythmic, quavering, waxing and waning character

essential vocal tremor

14

Causes of hyperkinetic dysarthria

Huntington's, tardive dyskinesia, vascular, tumors...

15

T or F? Respiration an resonance are most impacted in hyperkinetic dysarthria.

False; least impacted

16

how does chorea affect phonation in hyperkinetic dysarthria?

it can lead to sudden voice arrests w/ an intermittent strained quality or transient nasal emission

17

Choreic movements of the velopharynx can produce ...

muld intermittent hypernasality and nasal emission

18

irregular AMRs and unsteadiness of vowel prolongation may be stinking b/c ...

of the unpredicatable movements superimposed on the vocal tract

19

intermittent, waxing, waning or constrant strained-harsh voice quality

adductor spasmodic dysphonia

20

intermittent breathy or aphonic segments of speech

abductor spasmodic dysphonia