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Flashcards in APUSH - Ch. 35 Deck (30):
1

What decisions was made at the ABC-1 agreement in Washington (aka the Arcadia Conference)?

Get Germany first, place Pacific war on back burner

2

What huge problem did the U.S. face at the beginning of our involvement in WWII?

Retool its industry for all-out war production

3

How did the people of the U.S. feel about the war?

Less idealistic / ideological – More practical

4

What was the purpose of the interment camps in the U.S.?

Get rid of spies, saboteurs, hysteria and prejudice and fear

5

How well did Americans understand the war aliens>

Most didn’t know what it was about

6

What was the task of each of these wartime agencies? War production Board - Office of Price Administration, National War Labor Board, Fair Practices Commission (4)

1. assigned priorities with respect to use of raw materials and transportation facilities

2. controlled inflation by rationing essential goods

3. Imposed ceilings on wage increases

4. saw to it that no hiring discrimination practices were used against employment in war industries

7

What was the impact of the war on labor unions?

Increased membership

8

What was the impact of the six million women in American industry during WWII?

Day care centers

9

Describe the situation for African Americans during WWII?

“Double V”, moved north and west, congress of racial equality, serve in army air corps

10

The greatest consequence of WWII for American race relations was

10.

11

What was the economy like for most Americans during the war?

Prosperous, doubled personal income

12

During WWI, American Indians...

Were code talkers, moved to cities instead of reservations

13

What was the geographical change that most African Americans experienced?

African Americans shifted to northern cities

14

Describe the impact of WWII on the national debt

Increased

15

What is considered as the "turning point" of the war in the Pacific?

Battle of midway

16

What was the strategy used by the U.S. in defeating the Japanese?

Island hopping

17

Hitler's furthest advance in the European theater of war was ended at this battle in 1942

Stalingrad

18

Where did the Allies decide to attack Hitler's Europe first?

Italy (north Africa first)

19

Why did FDR and Churchill's insist on the absolute and "unconditional surrender" of Germany?

No separate allied peace negotiations, forestall charges of broken armistice terms

20

Why didn't the U.S. and Britain open a second front in Western Europe by the end of 1942?

British reluctance and lack of resources

21

Give the dates of each of these: V-J Day, V-E Day, D Day, and the Invasion of Italy (4)

Sept. 2nd, 1945

May 7th, 1945

June 6th 1944

Aug. 1943

22

Who led the D-Day invasion of France?

General Eisenhower

23

the most significant development in the Democratic convention of 1944 was that...

Truman would be VP nomination

24

Franklin Roosevelt won the election in 1944 primarily because...?

The war was going well

25

Hitler's last-ditch attempt to achieve a victory against the Americans and British came in ...

Battle of the Bulge

26

As a result of the Battle of Leyte Gulf...

Japan was finished as a naval power

27

Describe the Potsdam Conference

Ultimatum to Japan: surrender or be destroyed

28

Why did the U.S. spend so much and devote so much energy to developing the atom bomb?

Germans might acquire it first

29

what were the terms of the surrender of Japan ?

“Unconditional Surrender” but Japanese keep Emperor Hirohito on the throne

30

Describe the legacy and qualities of the American participation in WWII?

30.