Flashcards in APUSH - Ch. 35 Deck (30):
What decisions was made at the ABC-1 agreement in Washington (aka the Arcadia Conference)?
Get Germany first, place Pacific war on back burner
What huge problem did the U.S. face at the beginning of our involvement in WWII?
Retool its industry for all-out war production
How did the people of the U.S. feel about the war?
Less idealistic / ideological – More practical
What was the purpose of the interment camps in the U.S.?
Get rid of spies, saboteurs, hysteria and prejudice and fear
How well did Americans understand the war aliens>
Most didn’t know what it was about
What was the task of each of these wartime agencies? War production Board - Office of Price Administration, National War Labor Board, Fair Practices Commission (4)
1. assigned priorities with respect to use of raw materials and transportation facilities
2. controlled inflation by rationing essential goods
3. Imposed ceilings on wage increases
4. saw to it that no hiring discrimination practices were used against employment in war industries
What was the impact of the war on labor unions?
What was the impact of the six million women in American industry during WWII?
Day care centers
Describe the situation for African Americans during WWII?
“Double V”, moved north and west, congress of racial equality, serve in army air corps
The greatest consequence of WWII for American race relations was
What was the economy like for most Americans during the war?
Prosperous, doubled personal income
During WWI, American Indians...
Were code talkers, moved to cities instead of reservations
What was the geographical change that most African Americans experienced?
African Americans shifted to northern cities
Describe the impact of WWII on the national debt
What is considered as the "turning point" of the war in the Pacific?
Battle of midway
What was the strategy used by the U.S. in defeating the Japanese?
Hitler's furthest advance in the European theater of war was ended at this battle in 1942
Where did the Allies decide to attack Hitler's Europe first?
Italy (north Africa first)
Why did FDR and Churchill's insist on the absolute and "unconditional surrender" of Germany?
No separate allied peace negotiations, forestall charges of broken armistice terms
Why didn't the U.S. and Britain open a second front in Western Europe by the end of 1942?
British reluctance and lack of resources
Give the dates of each of these: V-J Day, V-E Day, D Day, and the Invasion of Italy (4)
Sept. 2nd, 1945
May 7th, 1945
June 6th 1944
Who led the D-Day invasion of France?
the most significant development in the Democratic convention of 1944 was that...
Truman would be VP nomination
Franklin Roosevelt won the election in 1944 primarily because...?
The war was going well
Hitler's last-ditch attempt to achieve a victory against the Americans and British came in ...
Battle of the Bulge
As a result of the Battle of Leyte Gulf...
Japan was finished as a naval power
Describe the Potsdam Conference
Ultimatum to Japan: surrender or be destroyed
Why did the U.S. spend so much and devote so much energy to developing the atom bomb?
Germans might acquire it first
what were the terms of the surrender of Japan ?
“Unconditional Surrender” but Japanese keep Emperor Hirohito on the throne