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Flashcards in APUSH - Ch. 31 Study Guide Deck (27):
1

Describe American attitudes following World War I.

turned inward

2

How did businesses take advantage of the Red Scare?

they used it to break unions apart

3

Who made a huge effort to round up radicals and anarchists during the Red Scare?

attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer

4

Why did the Ku Klux Klan gain membership in the 1920s?

because of the post-war reaction

5

Why did people want to limit immigration in the 20s? (3)

nativism

discrimination / segregation

6

The Immigration Act of 1924 was aimed at what group of immigrants?

Japanese Immigrants

7

During the 1920s and after, many American immigrant ethnic groups

immigration was slowed down due to the immigration act of 1924

8

What group resisted the enforcement of the Volstead Act?

large eastern cities

9

What city had a reputation for its gangsters?

Chicago

10

John Dewey believed that education should focus on what type of learning?

Progressive Education

11

Basic facts of the Scopes Trial were? What was the result? (4)

John T. Scopes = indicted for teaching evolution

defended by nationally known attorney

William Jennings Bryan = prosecutor

Scopes = found guilty and fined $100

12

All of the following helped to make the prosperity of the 1920s possible (4)

mellonite's tax policies

automobile

advertising (Bruce Barton)

sports

13

Discuss the prosperity that developed in the 1920s

new machinery and new industrial revolution

14

How did Henry Ford expand the auto industry?

Fordism

15

What was Frederick W. Taylor’s big contribution to big business?

scientific management

16

What were some results of the automotive revolution? (7)

new industry emerged

jobs for immigrants

speedy marketing of perishable foodstuff = accelerated

prosperity for outlying farms

new roads

opening of churches and schools

greater air and environmental quality

17

What made Charles Lindbergh an American hero besides the flying accomplishment itself? (2)

dramatized and popularized flying

gave a strong boost to the infant aviation industry

18

What was unique about the movie The Jazz Singer?

was the first "talkie"

19

How American life affected by automobiles, radios, and motion pictures? (8)

Americans live in mostly urban areas

women found more jobs in the cities

birth control

equal rights movement

churches convert to Modernism

flappers

jazz

movies

20

Where did most people live—according to the 1920 census?

urban areas

21

Margaret Sanger became known for advocating what?

birth control

contraceptives

22

What type of jobs were open to women in the 1920s? (2)

low-paying jobs (retail clerking and office typing)

^ = "women's work"

23

What was D.W. Griffiths' Birth of a Nation about?

glorified the Ku Klux Klan of Reconstruction days and defamed both blacks and Northern carpetbaggers

24

Describe Marcus Garvey’s life/contributions: (3)

founder of United Negro Improvement Association

advocated a constitution to protect the rights of black Americans

inspired blacks to have race pride

25

What did Ernest Hemingway (2), F. Scott Fitzgerald (2), Sinclair Lewis(2), and William Faulkner write(3)?

Fitzgerald - This Side of Paradise, The Great Gatsby

Hemingway - The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms

Lewis - Main Street, Babbitt

Faulkner - the Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying, and Absalom, Absalom

26

What does “buying on margin” mean?

it means paying with a small down payment

27

Andrew Mellon believed in taxing what income group?

middle-income groups