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Flashcards in APUSH: Chapter 12 [DONE] Deck (40):
1

why was the war of 1812 one of the worst fought wars in US history? (4)

no burning national anger

unimpressive military outcome

decisive negotiated peace

very divided

2

describe the performance of the United States' Navy in the war of 1812

better than the army overseas

more skillful than the British

3

What was the outcome of the British attack on Fort McHenry ?

The British failed to capture it

4

what was significant about the battle of New Orleans? (3)

happened 2 weeks after the Treaty of Ghent

restored honor in America's eyes

brought on a wave of nationalism and self confidence

5

What were some of the reasons for the British withdrawing many of its earlier demands on the United states at the peace conference at Ghent? (3)

British reverses in New York and at Baltimore

increasing war weariness in Britain made London more willing to compromise

really preoccupied with redrafting Napoleon's map of Europe

6

the delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions that demanded all of the following (3)

financial assistance from Washington

constitutional amendments that required a 2/3rds vote in Congress

new states admitted

7

how significant was the war of 1812 from a global perspective?

unimportant, but American gained respect

8

one of the most important by-products of the war of 1812 was...?

heightened nationalism

9

describe the various ways nationalism emerged following the war (4)

national literature and art

revived bank of the US

New capital

expanded army

10

who supported Henry Clay's call for federally funded roads and canals?

Why?

the West - they didn't have roads and it would connect them to the East

11

New England opposed the American System's federally constructed roads because?

it would drain away the population and create competing states

12

The Era of Good feelings (2)

1. what is it

2. what did it do

period of one party, republican, rule during James Monroe's presidency.

Obscures conflicts over internal improvements slavery, and the national bank

13

what was the effect of the demise of the Federalist party? (2)

republicans and a one party rule!

14

one of the major causes of the panic of 1819 was...?

over speculation of land frontiers

15

what was one of the West's persistent political demands ? (3)

cheap acreage

cheap transportations

cheap money

16

all of the following were results of the Missouri Compromise (3)

Maine = free state

Missouri = Slavery state

no more slavery of 36 degrees 30'

17

people moved into the Old Northwest for all of the following reasons (2)

the people had depleted soil from tobacco

it was a chance to be equal

18

Andrew Jackson's military exploits were instrumental in the United States gaining...?

Florida

19

what was the principle of non-colonization in the Monroe Doctrine? (2)

era of colonization = ended

old war can't seize anymore

20

what was the Monroe Doctrine and why was it significant?

statement delivered by James Monroe, warning European powers to refrain from seeking any new territories in the Americas

was an expression of Nationalism and an illusion of isolationism

21

War of 1812

war b/t Britain and the U.S. largely over trade and impressment issues

resulted in America gaining respect

22

Battle of New Orleans

resounding victory of American forces against the British, restoring American confidence and fueling an outpouring of nationalism

final battle of the war of 1812

23

Congress of Vienna

convention of major European powers to redraw the boundaries of continental Europe after the defeat of Napoleonic France

24

Treaty of Ghent

Ended the War of 1812 in a virtual draw

restored prewar borders

failed to address grievances that brought America into the war

25

Hartford Convention

Convention of Federalists from 5 New England states who opposed the War of 1812 and resented the strength of Southern and Western interests in Congress and in the White House

26

Rush-Bagot agreement

signed by Britain and the US, it established strict limits on naval armaments in the Great Lakes

first step in demilitarization of U.S.-Canadian border

27

Tariff of 1816 (2)

what was it primarily created for?

first protective tariff in American history

to shield New England manufacturers from the inflow of British goods after the war of 1812

28

American System (4)

Henry Clay's 3-pronged system to promote American Industry

advocated a strong banking system, a protective tariff, and a federally funded transportation network

29

Land Act of 1820 (2)

fueled the settlement of the Northwest and Missouri territories by lowering the price of public land

prohibited the purchase of federal acreage on credit

30

Tallmadge Amendment

failed proposal to prohibit the importation of slaves into Missouri territory and pave the way for gradual emancipation

31

peculiar institution (3)

term for the institution of American Slavery in the South

North = slavery --> gradually abolished

South = slavery --> became increasingly entrenched

32

McCulloch vs. Maryland

supreme court case that strengthened federal authority and upheld the constitutionality of the Bank of the US by establishing the State of Maryland did not have power to tax the bank

33

loose construction

legal doctrine which holds that the federal government can use powers not specifically granted or prohibited in the Constitution to carry out its constitutionally mandated responsibilities

34

Cohens vs. Virginia

Case the reinforced federal supremacy by establishing the right of the Supreme Court to review decisions of state supreme courts in questions involving the powers of the federal government

35

Gibbons vs. Ogden (2)

suit over whether New York State could grant a monopoly to a ferry operating on interstate waters

reasserted that congress had the sole power to regulate interstate commerce

36

Fletcher vs Peck

Established firmer protection for private property and asserted the right of the Supreme court to invalidate state laws in conflict with the federal constitution

37

Dartmouth College vs. Woodward

supreme court case that sustained Dartmouth university's original charter against changes proposed by the New Hampshire state legislature

38

Anglo-American Convention (3)

signed by Britain and the US, the pact that allowed New England fishermen access to Newfoundland fisheries

established the northern border of Louisiana territory

provided for the joint occupation of the Oregon County for 10 years

39

Florida Purchase Treaty (Adams-Onis Treaty)

under the agreement, Spain ceded Florida to the U.S., in exchange for U.S.'s claims to Texas

40

Russo-American Treaty

fixed the line of 54 degrees 40' as the southernmost boundary of Russian holdings in North America