APUSH: Chapter 12 [DONE] Flashcards Preview

School > APUSH: Chapter 12 [DONE] > Flashcards

Flashcards in APUSH: Chapter 12 [DONE] Deck (40):

why was the war of 1812 one of the worst fought wars in US history? (4)

no burning national anger

unimpressive military outcome

decisive negotiated peace

very divided


describe the performance of the United States' Navy in the war of 1812

better than the army overseas

more skillful than the British


What was the outcome of the British attack on Fort McHenry ?

The British failed to capture it


what was significant about the battle of New Orleans? (3)

happened 2 weeks after the Treaty of Ghent

restored honor in America's eyes

brought on a wave of nationalism and self confidence


What were some of the reasons for the British withdrawing many of its earlier demands on the United states at the peace conference at Ghent? (3)

British reverses in New York and at Baltimore

increasing war weariness in Britain made London more willing to compromise

really preoccupied with redrafting Napoleon's map of Europe


the delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions that demanded all of the following (3)

financial assistance from Washington

constitutional amendments that required a 2/3rds vote in Congress

new states admitted


how significant was the war of 1812 from a global perspective?

unimportant, but American gained respect


one of the most important by-products of the war of 1812 was...?

heightened nationalism


describe the various ways nationalism emerged following the war (4)

national literature and art

revived bank of the US

New capital

expanded army


who supported Henry Clay's call for federally funded roads and canals?


the West - they didn't have roads and it would connect them to the East


New England opposed the American System's federally constructed roads because?

it would drain away the population and create competing states


The Era of Good feelings (2)

1. what is it

2. what did it do

period of one party, republican, rule during James Monroe's presidency.

Obscures conflicts over internal improvements slavery, and the national bank


what was the effect of the demise of the Federalist party? (2)

republicans and a one party rule!


one of the major causes of the panic of 1819 was...?

over speculation of land frontiers


what was one of the West's persistent political demands ? (3)

cheap acreage

cheap transportations

cheap money


all of the following were results of the Missouri Compromise (3)

Maine = free state

Missouri = Slavery state

no more slavery of 36 degrees 30'


people moved into the Old Northwest for all of the following reasons (2)

the people had depleted soil from tobacco

it was a chance to be equal


Andrew Jackson's military exploits were instrumental in the United States gaining...?



what was the principle of non-colonization in the Monroe Doctrine? (2)

era of colonization = ended

old war can't seize anymore


what was the Monroe Doctrine and why was it significant?

statement delivered by James Monroe, warning European powers to refrain from seeking any new territories in the Americas

was an expression of Nationalism and an illusion of isolationism


War of 1812

war b/t Britain and the U.S. largely over trade and impressment issues

resulted in America gaining respect


Battle of New Orleans

resounding victory of American forces against the British, restoring American confidence and fueling an outpouring of nationalism

final battle of the war of 1812


Congress of Vienna

convention of major European powers to redraw the boundaries of continental Europe after the defeat of Napoleonic France


Treaty of Ghent

Ended the War of 1812 in a virtual draw

restored prewar borders

failed to address grievances that brought America into the war


Hartford Convention

Convention of Federalists from 5 New England states who opposed the War of 1812 and resented the strength of Southern and Western interests in Congress and in the White House


Rush-Bagot agreement

signed by Britain and the US, it established strict limits on naval armaments in the Great Lakes

first step in demilitarization of U.S.-Canadian border


Tariff of 1816 (2)

what was it primarily created for?

first protective tariff in American history

to shield New England manufacturers from the inflow of British goods after the war of 1812


American System (4)

Henry Clay's 3-pronged system to promote American Industry

advocated a strong banking system, a protective tariff, and a federally funded transportation network


Land Act of 1820 (2)

fueled the settlement of the Northwest and Missouri territories by lowering the price of public land

prohibited the purchase of federal acreage on credit


Tallmadge Amendment

failed proposal to prohibit the importation of slaves into Missouri territory and pave the way for gradual emancipation


peculiar institution (3)

term for the institution of American Slavery in the South

North = slavery --> gradually abolished

South = slavery --> became increasingly entrenched


McCulloch vs. Maryland

supreme court case that strengthened federal authority and upheld the constitutionality of the Bank of the US by establishing the State of Maryland did not have power to tax the bank


loose construction

legal doctrine which holds that the federal government can use powers not specifically granted or prohibited in the Constitution to carry out its constitutionally mandated responsibilities


Cohens vs. Virginia

Case the reinforced federal supremacy by establishing the right of the Supreme Court to review decisions of state supreme courts in questions involving the powers of the federal government


Gibbons vs. Ogden (2)

suit over whether New York State could grant a monopoly to a ferry operating on interstate waters

reasserted that congress had the sole power to regulate interstate commerce


Fletcher vs Peck

Established firmer protection for private property and asserted the right of the Supreme court to invalidate state laws in conflict with the federal constitution


Dartmouth College vs. Woodward

supreme court case that sustained Dartmouth university's original charter against changes proposed by the New Hampshire state legislature


Anglo-American Convention (3)

signed by Britain and the US, the pact that allowed New England fishermen access to Newfoundland fisheries

established the northern border of Louisiana territory

provided for the joint occupation of the Oregon County for 10 years


Florida Purchase Treaty (Adams-Onis Treaty)

under the agreement, Spain ceded Florida to the U.S., in exchange for U.S.'s claims to Texas


Russo-American Treaty

fixed the line of 54 degrees 40' as the southernmost boundary of Russian holdings in North America