APUSH - Ch. 38-40 Test Answers? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in APUSH - Ch. 38-40 Test Answers? Deck (88):

When he became attorney general, what did Robert Kennedy refocus the attention of the FBI on?

organized crime and civil rights.


When he took office in 1961, how did President Kennedy chose to try to stimulate the sluggish economy?

a tax cut


John F. Kennedy’s strategy of “flexible response”

called for a variety of military options that could be matched to the scope and importance of a crisis.


While it seemed sane enough, John F. Kennedy’s doctrine of flexible response contained some lethal logic that

potentially lowered the level at which diplomacy would give way to shooting.


American military forces entered Vietnam in order to

prevent Ngo Dinh Diem’s regime from falling to the communists.


The Alliance for Progress was intended to improve the level of economic well-being in

Latin America


Why did the Bay of Pigs invasion fail? (Page 978)

Kennedy did not bring in air support ?


When the Soviet Union attempted to install nuclear weapons in Cuba,

a naval quarantine of that island


The Cuban missile crisis resulted in all of the following (4)

the removal of Nikita Khrushchev from power in the Soviet Union

a U.S. promise not to invade Cuba

an ambitious program of military expansion by the Soviet Union

withdrawal of U.S. missiles in Turkey


In a speech at American University in 1963, President Kennedy recommended the adoption of a policy toward the Soviet Union based on

peaceful coexistence.


At first, John F. Kennedy moved very slowly in the area of racial justice because he

needed the support of southern legislators to pass his economic and social legislation.


John Kennedy joined hands with the civil rights movement when he

sent federal marshals to protect the Freedom Riders.


President Kennedy ordered hundreds of federal marshals and thousands of federal troops to force the racial integration of

the University of Mississippi.


At the time of his death, President John Kennedy’s civil rights bill

was locked in a filibuster in the U.S. Senate.


President Johnson proved to be much more successful than President Kennedy at

working with Congress


President Johnson called his package of domestic reform proposals the

Great Society


With the passage of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution,

Congress handed the president a blank check to use further force in Vietnam.


All of the following programs were created by Lyndon Johnson’s
administration (4)

the National Endowment for the Arts and the Humanities

Project Head Start


Office of Economic Opportunity


In the final analysis, Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society programs

won some noteworthy battles in education and health care.


The landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964 accomplished all of the following (4)

creation of the Equal Employment opportunity commission

prohibiting discrimination based on gender

banning sexual as well as racial discrimination

banning racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public


As a result of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965,

sources of immigration shifted to Latin America and Asia.


Beginning in 1964, the chief goal of the black civil rights movement in the South was to

secure the right to vote.


As a result of the Voting Rights Act of 1965,

white southerners began to court black votes.


The Watts riot in 1965 symbolized

the more militant and confrontational phase of the civil rights movement.


Black leaders in the 1960s included , an advocate of peaceable resistance; , who favored black separatism; and , an advocate of “Black Power.”

Martin Luther King, Jr.; Malcolm X; Stokely Carmichael


By the late 1960s, Black Power advocates in the North focused their attention primarily on

economic demands


Where did Lyndon Johnson send 25,000 American troops to counteract alleged communist influence?

Dominical Republic


The most serious blow to Lyndon Johnson’s Vietnam policy

was the Tet offensive of 1968.


During the Vietnam War, President Lyndon Johnson ordered the CIA, in clear violation of its charter, to

spy on domestic antiwar protestors.


The 1968 Democratic party convention witnessed

a police riot against antiwar demonstrators outside the convention hall.


The third-party candidate for president in 1968 was

George Wallace


Both major-party presidential candidates in 1968 agreed that the United States should

continue the war in pursuit of an “honorable peace.”


The skepticism about authority that emerged in the United States during the 1960s

had deep historical roots in American culture.


The site of the first major militant protest on behalf of gay liberation in 1969 was

the Stonewall Inn (New York City).


Lyndon Johnson's insistence on fighting the Vietnam War and funding the Great Society with a tax increase to pay for them led to

a drastic inflation of prices in the 1970s.


The poor economic performance of the I970s brought an abrupt end to

the liberal dream that affluent American could spend its way to social justice.


The Nixon Doctrine proclaimed that the United States would

honor its existing defense commitment, but that in the future its allies would have to fight their own wars without large numbers of American troops.


Despite his political skills and foreign policy knowledge, Richard Nixon harbored deep and bitter resentments against

the liberal establishment that had fought him throughout his career.


Perhaps Richard Nixon's most valuable asset as he began the presidency in 1969 was his

expertise in foreign affairs.


President Nixon's policy of Vietnamization of the war in Vietnam called for

a gradual handover of the ground war to the South Vietnamese


Richard Nixon's Vietnam policy included all of the following


extension of the war to Cambodia

massive bombing campaigns in Vietnam

creating a draft lottery and reducing draft calls


As a result of Richard Nixon;s aerial bombing of neutral Cambodia in 1973

The Cambodian economy was ruined and its policies revolutionized.


The ..... Amendment .... the voting age to ....

Twenty-Sixth; lowered; eighteen


The top-secret Pentagon Papers, leaked and published in 1971

exposed the deception that had led the United States into the Vietnam War


President Nixon's chief foreign policy adviser, throughout his administration, was

Henry Kissinger


Richard Nixon's policy of detente

ushered in an era of relaxed tensions between the United States and the two leading communist powers, China and Soviet Union


The Nixon administration still reflected a staunch anticommunist policy when it engaged in covert operations to overthrow the elected leftist government of



In Griswold v. Connecticut, the Supreme Court upheld a married couple's right to use contraceptives based on

a right to privacy.


The Supreme Court's Miranda and Escobendo decisions came under sharp attack from many conservatives because they

guaranteed the rights of criminal suspects against mistreatment by the police.


The Supreme Court, under Chief Justice Earl Warren, outraged religious conservatives in 1962-1963 when it...

ruled that prayer and Bible reading in public school violated the First Amendment.


When it came to welfare programs, Richard Nixon

supported significant expansion in many areas.


The Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and health Administration aroused bitter opposition among many business people because

They directly involved the federal government in many aspects of business decision making.


Richard Nixon's southern strategy included the policy of

soft-pedaling civil rights an opposing school busing to achieve racial balance.


As a presidential candidate, South Dakota Senator George McGovern appealed most strongly to the

antiwar movement


The 1973 War Powers Act

required the president to report to congress any commitments of American troops.


America's strong support for Israel in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War led to

an OPEC oil boycott of the United States and a subsequent energy crisis and recession.


The list of Nixon illegal administration activities uncovered in the watergate scandal included all of the following (4)

forging documents to discredit Democrats

using the internal Revenue Service to harass its enemies

breaking into the Democratic party Headquarters in order to bug them

using the FBI and CIA to cover up previous crimes


Richard Nixon tried to resist giving his taped conversations to the special prosecutor and the Congress by claiming that

he had executive privilege (confidentiality).


Congressman Gerlad Ford had become the VP of the United States when

Spiro Agnew resigned on corruption charged and Nixon appointed Ford under the 25th Amendment.


The most controversial action of Gerald Ford's presidency was

pardoning Nixon for any known or unknown crimes he had committed while president.


When the North Vietnamese launched a full scale invasion of South Vietnam in 1975,

the South Vietnamese government quickly collapsed


While most of the social movements born in the 1960s declined or disappeared, one that continued and gained even greater momentum in the 1970s was the

feminist movement


Title IX was passed by Congress in 1972 to

prohibit sex discrimination in any federally funded education program or activity.


The Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade declared state laws prohibiting abortion were unconstitutional because they

violated a woman's constitutional right to privacy in her ownperson.


The proposed Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), passed by Congress in 1972 and eventually ratified by 35 states, stated the following:

"Equal access to the courts of the United States and any state shall not be abridged on account of race, gender, or physical handicap"


The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) failed to be ratified by the needed 38 states largely because

an antifeminist backlash led by Phyllis Schlafly stirred sufficient opposition to stop it


The Supreme Court, in the Bakke case, held that

racial quotas were unconstitutional but race could be taken into account as one factor in college admission.


American Indian activists brought attention to their cause in the 70s by seizing

Alcatraz Island and wounded knee, south dakota


James Earl (Jimmy) Carter enjoyed considerable popularity when he won the presidency because

his emphasis on honesty contrasted with the corruptions of Watergate.


The guiding principle pf President Carter's foreign policy was...

human rights


President jimmy Carter's most spectacular foreign- policy achievement was the

Camp David agreement between Israel and Egypt


President Carter believed that the fundamental problem of the America economy in the late 1970s was

U.S. dependence on foreign oil


The most humiliating failure during the Iran hostage crisis came when...

President Carter's attempted mission to rescue the hostages ended in disaster.


The New Right movement that helped to elect Ronald Reagan was spearheaded by...

evangelical Christians


In contrast to the Old Right, many New Right activists of the 80s were most concerned about

Cultural and social issues


Ronald Reagan differed from Franklin D. Roosevelt in that Roosevelt...

branded big business as the enemy of the common man, while Reagan depicted big government as the foe.


Despite his failure in the white house, president Jimmy Carter earned widespread admiration in his post-presidential years for his

humanitarian and human rights activities


Ronald Reagan's essential domestic goal as president was to

dismantle the welfare state and shrink the size of the federal government.


Besides cutting the federal budget, Reagan's other main domestic initiative when he took office was

cut taxes by about 25 percent.


The first results of Reagan's supply-side economics in 1982 were a (n)

Sharp recession and rise in unemployment


In the 1980s, for the first time in the twentieth century

income gaps widened between the riches and the poorest Americans


To President Reagan, "the focus of evil in the modern world" was

the Soviet Union


Who was the first woman to receive the vice-presidential nomination of a major political party?

Geraldine Ferraro


The Iran-Contra Affair essentially involved

selling arms to Iran in exchange for hostages and using the profits to illegally fund the Nicaraguan Contras.


Ronald Reagan's highest political objective as president was

the containment and then shrinkage of the welfare state.


The Democrat's hopes for the 1988 election rose sharply because of major scandals in the Reagan administration involving

the Iran-Contra affair and savings-and-loan banks.


In response to the collapse of the Soviet Union, President George Bush called for a "new world order" where

democracy would reign supreme and diplomacy would replace weaponry.


The result of the Persian Gulf War was that

Kuwait was liberated but Saddam Hussein stayed in power.