Flashcards in APUSH - Ch. 34 Deck (26):
why did FDR withdraw from the London Economic Conference?
he was unwilling to sacrifice the possibility of domestic recovery for the sake of international cooperation - he wanted inflation but they wanted to stabilize
Why did the U.S. recognize the Soviet Union?
trade and counterweight to German and Japanese power
The U.S. promised the Philippines independence. Why?
Tydings-McDuffie Act in 1934 provided independence 12 years later after political and economic tutelage - they were becoming a burden
What were the reasons for the Good Neighbor Policy? (2)
needed Latin America allies
Describe FDR's foreign policy position
isolated but wanted foreign trade
How did FDR view tariffs?
lowers tariffs to increase trade - Reciprocal Trade
How did the U.S. respond to aggression around the world in the 1930s?
Give examples of the aggression by each of the dictators (3)
Mussolini invades Ethiopia
Hitler invades Czechoslovakia
Franco overthrows the Republic of Spain
what was the affect of the Neutrality Acts of 1935, 36, and 37? (4)
Abandonment of the tradition freedom of the seas
making no distinction between aggressors and victims
spurring aggressors along their path of conquest
balancing the scales
How was the U.S. too respond, based on the Neutrality Acts when countries went to war?
Americans were prohibited from sailing on the ships of the warring nation, no selling or transporting munitions to them
Which side did the U.S. support in the Spanish Civil War?
Neutral – allowed Spain to become a fascist dictatorship
How did the American people respond to the Quarantine Speech in 1937?
Isolationists protested it
What was the "deal" arrived at in Munich in 1938?
British and French bought peace with Hitler by handing over Czechoslovakia
What happened after Germany's non-aggression agreement with the Soviet Union ?
Germany invades Poland and starts WWII
What did we do when a ship tried to bring Jews to this country to escape the camps?
Sent them away
How did the U.S. help Jews during the Holocaust?
War Refugee Board, only about 150,000 Jews found refuge in the U.S.
How did Congress react to the fall of France?
Pass a conscription law, neutrality ended
By 1940, describe the American public opinion
Favored providing Britain with all aid short of war
Why did FDR run for a third term in 1940?
US needed experienced leadership during this crisis
Focus on intense debate between internationalists and isolationists , direct challenge to the axis dictators, neutrality abandoned, factories prepare for all-out war production
What did the U.S. do when Germany invaded the Soviet Union?
Lend-lease available to SU
Describe Wendell Wilkie's campaign in 1940
Avoided attacking the New Deal
By 1941, why did Japan decide to go to war against the U.S.?
FDR insisted Japan withdraw from China
Why was the U.S. surprised by the attack at Pearl Harbor?
FRD expected Malaya or the Philippines to be attacked
Before Pearl Harbor, how did most Americans feel about the war?
Wanted the US to stay out of war