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Flashcards in APUSHch26 Deck (27):
1

Employment act of 1946

law that assigned to the federal government the responsibility for promoting full employment and price stability

2

Committee of Civil Rights

Truman was the first modern president to use the powers of his office to challenge racial discrimination; used his executive powers to establish it in 1946

3

Taft-Hartley Act

1. outlawed "closed shops and required union leaders to sign loyalty oath 2. required 80 day cooling off period before strike

4

Dixiecrat

Southern democrats who left the party in 1948 in opposition to President Truman's civil rights platform.

5

Strom Thurmond

Democratic governor of South Carolina who headed the State's Rights Party (Dixiecrats); he ran for president in 1948 against Truman and his mild civil rights proposals and eventually joined the Republican Party.

6

Thomas Dewey

was the Republican candidate in the 1948 presidential election. He was an opponent of Truman during the election. Thought to be the favorite but lost.

7

Fair Deal

Truman's extension of the New Deal that increased min wage, expanded Social Security, and constructed low-income housing

8

Iron Curtain

a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region

9

George Kennan

He was an American diplomat and ambassador best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War.

10

Dean Acheson

United States statesman who promoted the Marshall Plan and helped establish NATO

11

containment

American foriegn policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world

12

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology

13

Marshall Plan

a plan for aiding the European nations in economic recovery after World War II in order to stabilize and rebuild their countries and prevent the spread of communism.

14

Berlin Airlift

Airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of West Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin.

15

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries

16

National Security Act

Passed in 1947 in response to perceived threats from the Soviet Union after WWII. It established the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and National Security Council.

17

NCS-68

Proposed increasing national defense spending significantly during the Truman administration as a way to combat the spread of Communism.

18

Chiang Kai-shek

General and leader of Nationalist China after 1925. Although he succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang, he became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong.

19

Mao Zendong

The communist leader who took over China after World War II

20

38th Parallel

latitudinal line that divided North and South Korea at approximatly the midpoint of the peninsula

21

Dennis et al. v US

1951- Court upholds Smith Act of 1940, which made it a crime to advocate the overthrow of the government by force.

22

McCarran Internal Security Act

1950-This act required that all communist organizations register with the government and publish their records. Congress easily overrode Truman's veto of the bill.

23

HUAC

House Un-American Activities Committee- accused people of being communists and "blacklisted" them.

24

Alger Hiss

state department offical. was accused of giving secret government documents to the Soviets

25

Whittaker Chambers

magizine edior who volunteered to testify before HUAC. admitted he spied for Soviet Union and claimed members of Trumans Cabinet were spies also such as Alger Hiss

26

Rosenbergs

Couple executed for giving military secrets to the Soviets in the 1950's

27

Joseph McCarthy

US senator who went on a witch hunt to find communist and accused many people of being communist