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Flashcards in APUSHch4 Deck (43)
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1

French and Indian War

(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.

2

George Washington

Led a small militia from Virginia to stop work on French Fort Duquesne. Was forced to surrender. (July 3rd, 1754)

3

Edward Braddock

General who led an army from Virginia, but was defeated (1755)

4

Albany Plan of Union (1754)

British government called for representatives from several colonies to meet in Albany, NY, to provide for an intercolonial government to recruit troops and collect taxes. (1754)

5

Peace of Paris (1763)

Peace treaty signed to end the French and Indian War (1763)

6

salutary neglect

Britian had exercised little direct control over the colonies and did not enforce its navigation laws

7

George III; crown

King of England and member of the Whig party

8

Whigs

Dominant political party in Parliament who wanted to solve England's financial problems through the colonies

9

Parliment

Legislative house of Great Britain

10

Pontiac's Rebellion (1763)

(1763) Indian chief Pontiac led a major attack against the colonies. The British did not rely on colonial forces, but instead sent their army to deal with the rebellion

11

Proclamation Act of 1763

Prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachain Mountains. British hoped it would prevent violence between Native Americans and colonists.

12

Sugar Act (1764)

Placed taxes on goods such as foreign sugar and other luxuries

13

Quartering Act (1765)

Required the colonists to provide food and living quarters for British soldiers in the colonies

14

Stamp Act (1765)

Required that revenue stamps be placed on almost all printed paper. First direct tax paid by the people.

15

Patrick Henry

Young Virginian lawyer who coined the phrase "No taxation without representation" in his speech to the House of Burgesses

16

Stamp Act Congress

Representatives from nine colonies met in NY (1765), and decided that only their own elected representatives had the power to approve taxes

17

Sons and Daughters of Liberty

Secret society who intimidated tax agents; tarred and feathered some tax collectors

18

Declaratory Act (1766)

Asserted that Parliament had the right to tax and make laws for the colonies in all cases whatsoever

19

Townshend Acts (1767)

Acts which enacted new taxes to be collected on imports of tea, glass, and paper. Also created the writs of assistance to help people search homes for smuggled items.

20

writs of assistance

A general license to search anywhere; used to search private homes for smuggled goods

21

John Dickinson: Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania

Work of literature in which Dickinson argued that no taxation without representation was an important principle of English law

22

Samuel Adams

In 1768, he wrote the Massachusetts Circular Letter with James Otis

23

James Otis

In 1768, he wrote the Massachusetts Circular Letter with Samuel Adams

24

Massachusetts Circular Letter

Letter which urged the colonies to petition Parliament to repeal the Townshend Acts. British officials ordered it retracted and threatened to do away with the Massachusetts legislative government and increase the number of troops in Boston

25

Lord Frederick North

New prime minister of Britain, urged Parliment to repeal the Townshend Acts

26

Boston Massacre (1770)

(1770) British guards, harrassed by colonists, fire into a crowd, killing five people

27

Crispus Attacks

An African American man who was one of the five people killed in the Boston Massacre

28

Committees of Correspondence

Initiated by Samuel Adams (1772), these spread news of suspicious acts by the British throughout the colonies

29

Gaspee incident

British customs ship, which had caught many smugglers, ran aground and colonists dressed as Indians drove everyone off the boat, then burned it

30

Tea Act (1773)

Lowered the price of tea, but still had a very small tax on it. Colonists still refused to buy it on principle