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Flashcards in APUSHch7 Deck (29):
1

Thomas Jefferson

3rd president of the United States (1800-1808)

2

Louisiana Purchase

Land sold to the US by the French for 15 million dollars in 1803. The French originally obtained the land with the thought of building and empire in the Americas, but later needed money to fight its war against Britain. This doubled the size of the US.

3

Napoleon Bonaparte

Military leader of France who sold the Louisiana territory to the US and later tricked the US into exclusively trading with France

4

Lewis and Clark expedition

This scientific exploration of the new Louisiana territory in 1804 increased geological and scientific knowledge, strengthened US claims to the Oregon territory, improved relations with Native American tribes, and developed maps and land routes for future fur trappers and settlers

5

John Marshall

Federalist Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who established the doctrine of judicial review and served as Chief Justice for 34 years

6

judicial review

The Supreme Court would exercise the power to decide whether an act of Congress or of the president was or was not allowed by the Constitution

7

Marbury v. Madison

1803 Court case in which William Marbury sued James Madison for not delivering John Adam's commission about Marbury becoming a judge. Marshall ruled, that under the Judiciary Act, Marbury would get the job, but that the Judiciary Act was unconstitutional, setting up the doctrine of judicial review

8

Aaron Burr

Former vice president of Jefferson who planned, along with some radical New England Federalists, to become governor of NY and unite the New England states to secede and become their own nation. He also killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel over an insult and tried to enact a plan to take Mexico from Spain and unite it with Louisiana under his own rule.

9

Quids

Old Republicans who criticized the War of 1812 because it violated the classic belief of limited government and maintenance of peace

10

Chesapeake-Leopard affair

In 1807, the British warship Leopard fired on the US warship the Chesapeake a few miles off the coast. Three Americans were killed and the remaining four were impressed into the British navy. Americans were outraged.

11

Embargo Act (1807)

Jefferson pushed this through Congress, hoping to avoid war. It prohibited American merchant ships from sailing to any foreign ports. This act backfired though, hurting the American economy while Britain simply found other trading partners. Jefferson recognized the failure and called for a repeal in 1809.

12

James Madison

4th president of the United States (1808-1816) Foreign: Nonintercourse Act 1809, Macon's Bill #2 1810, War of 1812 Domestic: Battle of Tippecanoe 1811, Americans who opposed the war, Hartford Convention 1814 dealt with threat of secession of the New England states

13

Nonintercourse Act (1809)

Provided that Americans could now trade with all countries except France and Britain in hopes of ending economic hardship (1809)

14

Macon's Bill No. 2 (1810)

Bill that said US would trade exclusively with France or Britain if that country would honor US neutral rights at sea. France said they would, but they lied, still attacking US merchant ships and impressing American sailors.

15

Tecumseh and Prophet

Two Native American brothers who attempted to unite all of the tribes east of the Mississippi River to defend their lands from American settlers

16

William Henry Harrison

Governor of the Indiana territory who took aggressive action against the Native Americans united by Tecumseh and Prophet, destroying the Shawnee headquarters in the Battle of Tippecanoe 1811

17

Battle of Tippecanoe

Battle in which Native Americans united by Tecumseh and Prophet fought against General William Henry Harrison's forces and lost. Americans on the frontier blamed Britain for initiating the rebellion (1811)

18

war hawks

New, young republicans in Congress, mostly from frontier states, who argued that war with Britain was the only way to defend American honor, gain Canada, and destroy Native American resistance on the frontier

19

Old Ironsides

US warship Constitution who defeated a British ship off the coast of Nova Scotia, raising American morale 1812

20

Battle of Lake Erie

Battle fought in 1813 on _____ _____; Captain Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British navy after 3 hours of fighting

21

Oliver Hazard Perry

Led the Americans in the Battle of Lake Erie, 1813; "We have met the enemy and they are ours"

22

Battle of the Thames River

Battle that General William Henry Harrison won for the US; fought on _______ _______ near Detroit

23

Thomas Macdonough

Young naval captain who defeated a British fleet on Lake Champlain, forcing the British to retreat and abandon their plan to invade New York and New England 1814

24

Battle of Lake Champlain

Battle fought in 1814 on ____ ________; led by Thomas Macdonough, Americans defeated a British fleet, forcing the British to retreat and abandon their plan to invade New York and New England

25

Andrew Jackson

Commander of US troops in the South; led men in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend and the Battle of New Orleans

26

Battle of Horseshoe Bend

Battle fought in 1814 in present day Alabama in which General Andrew Jackson ended the power of an important British ally, the Creek nation

27

Battle of New Orleans

Battle fought on January 8, 1815, two weeks after the signing of the Treaty of Ghent; General Andrew Jackson led Americans who were trying to thwart the British effort to control the Mississippi River. Most soldiers wer frontiersmen, free blacks, and Creoles.

28

Treaty of Ghent (1814)

Treaty ending the War of 1812, signed on Christmas Eve, 1814; agreed to a halt in the fighting, ther return of all conquered territory to the previous owner, and recognition of the boundary between Canada and the US. Did not address matters which led to the war (impressment, blockades)

29

Hartford Convention (1814)

Convention held in Connecticut, December 1814, to discuss the issue of New England's one time threat of secession. One proposal adopted called for a 2/3 vote to declare war.