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Flashcards in Atomic Structure Deck (25):
1

John Dalton agreed with Democritus that...

Matter was made up with tiny spheres.
That could be broken up.

2

What did John Dalton think?

Each element was made up of a different type of atom

3

What did J.J Thomson discover?

Electrons could be removed from atoms.

4

What did Thomson suggest?

Atoms were spheres of positive charge with tiny negatives electrons stuck in them.

5

What did Rutherford and Marsden do?

Tried firing alpha particles at thin gold foil.

6

What did Rutherford and Marsden expect?

Positively charged alpha particles would be sightly deflected by the electrons in the plum pudding model.

7

What did the alpha particles do?

Most of them went straight through.
Odd one came straight back at them.

8

What did Rutheford and Marsden realise?

Most of the mass of an atom was in the centre in a tiny nucleus.

9

What did Rutheford and Marsden realise about the nucleus?

Must have a large positive charge.

10

Why must the nucleus have a large positive charge?

It repelled the positive alpha particles by large angles.

11

Most of the atom is just...

Empty space.

12

What did Rutherford and Marsden come up with?

The nuclear model of the atom.

13

The nucleus is tiny but...

Makes up most of the mass of the atom.

14

The nucleus contains...

Protons.
Neutrons.

15

What charge are the protons?

Positively charged.

16

What charge are the neutrons?

Neutral.

17

What do the negative electrons do?

Go around the the outside of the nucleus really fast.

18

The electrons give the nucleus its...

Overall charge.

19

The radius of the atoms nucleus is about...

10,000 times smaller than the radius of the atom.

20

What is a protons mass and charge?

Mass - 1
Charge - +1

21

What is a neutrons mass and charge?

Mass - 1
Charge - 0

22

What is an electrons mass and charge?

Mass - 1/2000
Charge - -1

23

Number of protons equals to...

Electrons.

24

What charge do atoms have ...

No charge overall.

25

If some electrons are added or removed the atom becomes...

Charged particle called ion.