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Intro to Social Psychology > Attraction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Attraction Deck (33):
1

five factors tha influence attraction

proximity, similarity, reciprocity, physical attractiveness, environmental factors

2

attraction

why people like each other

3

close relationships important to everyday life because

people have a need to belong and feel connection with other people

4

happiest top 10% of people have one thing in common

good relationships with other people

5

scientific evidence that relationships are important

survival and reproduction

6

close relationships have larger effect on health than

excessive drinking, obesity, lethargy, HBP medication - compares to quitting smoking

7

proximity

we like those who are geographically close to us

8

proximity dorming experiment

students randomly assigned to apts within apt complex (rooms spaced differently) and asked who their closest friends were

9

results of proximity experiment

students more likely to name people that lived in units closer to theirs and on their floor vs a different floor

10

why is proximity attractive

we like what we are familiar with - mere exposure effect

11

how is agreeableness linked with proximity

if person is disagreeable proximity hurts; if person is agreeable proximity help

12

why does mere exposure effect increase liking

we recognize these things as safe and can more easily process them

13

main types of similarity

demographics, personality, values/attitudes

14

why does similarity increase attraction

feels good to be validated, like others' good taste, makes interaction easier and familiar, approval from others is gained, low risk interaction (greater acceptance)

15

why does reciprocity incrase attraction

we like people who like us

16

why do we like people who like us (why does reciprocity work)

reduces our fear of rejection and increases sense of belonging

17

reciprocity experiment

Ps A was told that Ps B likes/dislikes them - 10 minute discussion - measured liking for each other

18

results of reciprocity experiment

when told B likes A both people liked each other after interaction more than when A was told that B didnt like them

19

explanation of reciprocity experiment results

self-fulfilling prophecy caused person A to behave in a way that would cause B to like/dislike them

20

we like people who like us especially when

they don't like everyone

21

why are we attracted to physicality

signal of good health

22

familiarity and physical attractiveness

we find symmetrical faces more attractive because they are more average and therefore feel more familiar

23

what is beautiful is good stereotype

attractive people judged to have good qualities - these good qualities vary culture to culture

24

what is beautiful is good stereotype and self-fulfilling prophecy

if you are attractive, people treat you differently causing you to respond in such a way that makes you more attractive

25

test of what is beautiful is good stereotype

men were shown pretty or ugly picture of a woman - then talked on the phone with the woman

26

results of what is beautiful is good stereotype test

when shown pretty picture men thought woman was friendly and sociable; when shown ugly picture men thought woman was cold and boring - due to self-fulfilling prophecy

27

sex differences in basis for atttraction

men looking for more attractive women; women looking for more financial stability

28

men and women both value

kindness and intelligence

29

men and women both seek

closeness and find relationships extremely important

30

environmental effects on attractiveness experiment

Gloria approached men on a bridge to ask for help, then gave them number

31

results of bridge experiment

men on bridge more likely to call back than men not on bridge and rated the TAT higher

32

TAT

thematic apperception test

33

TAT used to test environmental effects on arousal

high rating had high sexual themes, low rating had no sexual content