Unit 2: Agression Flashcards Preview

Intro to Social Psychology > Unit 2: Agression > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2: Agression Deck (36):
1

aggression

Bx intended to harm someone physically or psychologically

2

instrumental aggression

inflicting harm to gain something valuable

3

hostile aggression

inflicting harm impulsively, anger-induced

4

indirect aggression

inflict harm without contact with the person

5

direct aggression

Bx aimed at the person

6

what type of aggression is: driver yelling at a tailgater

direct, hostile

7

what type of aggression is: tenant complaining about landlord to other tenants

indirect, hostile

8

what type of aggression is: bank robber shooting a guard

instrumental, direct

9

what type of aggression is: someone starting a rumor to break up a couple

instrumental, indirect

10

3 sources of aggression

instinct, biology, encironment

11

why might aggression arise from instincts

organisms that aggress gain resources and reproduce - survival value

12

why is instinctive aggression not the best explanation

doesn't explain all forms of human aggression

13

one biological source of aggression

hormones - testosterone

14

evidence that supports testosterone and aggression

positive correlation, elevated levels in people convicted of violent crimes, sex differences

15

what violent crime is performed equally between males and females

domestic violence

16

what does increased testosterone lead to when threatened

more aggression

17

what does increased testosterone lead to when not threatened

more generosity

18

environmental sources of aggression

physical pain or discomfort, hotter temperatures

19

frustration

the block of goal-directed Bx

20

frustration-aggression theory

frustration triggers readiness to aggress

21

study that shows when frustration leads to aggression vs. when it does not

conf. disrupted group problem solving due to 1. uncontrollable reasons (hearing aid malfunctioning) - irritation or 2. controllable reasons (not paying attention) - hostility

22

study that shows that mere exposure to aggressive objects increases likelihood of aggressive Bx

conf. administered shock to Ps; Ps left in room with weapon or neutral object; Ps with the weapon in the room administered longer shocks to the conf.

23

displacement

inhibit our frustration in the moment because it is inappropriate then redirect the aggression to a less powerful, non-source of frustration

24

social learning theory of aggression

we learn aggression by observing others being rewarded and punished (Bandura's Bobo Doll study)

25

discovery from the Bobo Doll Study

kids who watched adult Bx violently towards doll behaved violently towards doll, and engaged in new forms of aggression towards doll

26

how does watching aggressive models impact attitude

people develop more positive attitude about aggression

27

aggressive scripts

people see the world as aggressive place, and interpret ambiguous Bx as aggressive Bx (when exposed to aggression)

28

how does violence on TV relate to violence in real world

TV exaggerates violent crime rates

29

how does media violence affect bX

weakens inhibitions against violence, desensitizes against violence, perceive world as dangerous

30

violence in videogames study

Ps that played violent videogame punished opponent with longer/louder noise blast than Ps that played non-violent videogame

31

how does military use violent videogames

to desensitize the soldiers to violent acts and illustrate how to perform

32

catharsis theory of aggression

expression hostility/anger through aggression is way to reduce it later

33

catharsis theory of aggression study

Ps offended by conf. then punched punching bag while thinking about conf. or thinking about fitness or sat for 2 min - then administered noice blast to conf.

34

results of catharsis theory of aggression study

Ps that thought about conf. while punching had more anger and aggression than the fitness thinker and the 2 min sitting

35

why does catharsis backfire

aggression leads to more aggression

36

how to reduce aggression

reward non-aggressive Bx, teach how to deal with frustration and conflict, reduce violence in media