Unit 2: Group Influence Flashcards Preview

Intro to Social Psychology > Unit 2: Group Influence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2: Group Influence Deck (19):
1

3 types of minimal group influence

social facilitation, social loafing, deindividuation

2

minimal groups

more than 1 person that are perceived as "us" for longer than a few moments

3

social facilitation

mere presence of others strengthens dominant response when task is easy

4

social inhibition

mere presence of others hampers performance when task is complex

5

effects of social arousal - evaluation apprehension

we're concerned about how others evaluate us so we have to attend to the task and what people think - leads to arousal

6

what shows that evaluation apprehension is driven by distractions

flashes of light have same effect on performance

7

social loafing

try less because we rely on group (when in a group there is less evaluation apprehension)

8

to lessen social loafing

make individuals accountable for their own contribution

9

social loafing doesnt always occur in groups when

task is challenging, involving (intrinsic motivation), group members are friends, big reward for effort

10

deindividuation

when arousal and diffused responsibility combine, people have loss of self-awareness and evaluation apprehension and feeling of anonymity in effect

11

zimbardo's model of deinviduation

anecdote conditions lead to internal state lead to behavior

12

how to counter deindividuation

mirrors, bright lighting, name tags, individualized clothing

13

groupthink

faulty thinking in highly cohesive groups - dissent is suppressed in the interest of harmony

14

groupthink is likely to occur when

group is highly cohesive, isolated, leader is directive/charismatic

15

avoid groupthink by

assign a "devil's advocate" subdivide group and reunite, invite outside expert, have a "second chance" meeting

16

group polarization

group discussions strengthen initial position

17

group polarization results in risky shift

when risky choices are being made, group needs less of a quarantee to still feel okay (but if risk is already high, need more of a guarantee)

18

group polarization and normative influence

we look to others to see whats right, we agree with them, initial ideas strengthen

19

group polarization and informational influence

discusssion with group brings up new supporting ideas i haven't thought of