Helping Flashcards Preview

Intro to Social Psychology > Helping > Flashcards

Flashcards in Helping Deck (21):
1

social exchange theory

people behave according to rewards and costs of the behavior

2

people help when they are sad bc

helping can dispel negative mood

3

negative state relief hypothesis

people help in order to alleviate their own sadness and distress

4

people help when they are happy bc

helping can maintain a positive mood or be a side effect of helping

5

effect of sadness on helping reduces when the task is

unpleasant because it would not improve mood

6

effect of guilt on helping

engage in helping even when task is unpleasant

7

reciprocity norm

people will help and not hurt those who have helped them

8

social responsiblity norm

the expectation that people will help those who need help (women, children, elderly)

9

altruistic motivation

helping purely for the skae of providing benefit to another person

10

egoistic motivation

helping in order to obtain rewards or avoid punishment

11

social reconnection hypothesis

social rejection increased positive ratings and prosocial behavior towards novel target; decreased positive ratings and prosocial behavior towards person who rejected them

12

compensatory control

people have need to see the world as orderly and controllable, when theres a threat, fill with other sources - one response to threat is helping

13

we help in group members because

indentification and similarity (creates empathy) - recipricol altruism

14

we help out group members because

humanitarian values - help others less fortunate

15

bystander effect

greater number of bystanders witnessing an emergency the less likely any one of them is to help

16

steps to intervening an emergency

notice the event; interpret as emergency; take responsiblity; know how to help; decide to help

17

pluralistic ignorance

failing to help at the interpreting step - nobody else seems worried`

18

diffusion of responsability

failing to help because there are others who can help

19

self-determination theory

human well-being depends on satisfying relatedness, competence, autonomy

20

relatedness

desire to interact with, be connected to, and experience sense of caring for others

21

autonomy

desire to be a causal agent of ones own life to act in ways that reflect oneself, make choices