Unit 2: Conformity and Obedience Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2: Conformity and Obedience Deck (29):
1

attitudes

evaluations of an attitude object (people, objects, ideas)

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conformity

tendency to change perception, opinion, Bx in way that is consistent with the group norm

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social norms

rules/guidelines in group/culture about what Bx is proper or improper

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implicit social norm

we recognize but don't necessarily say outright (fashion trends)

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explicit social norm

stated outright (standing for national anthem)

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Sherif's Autokinetic Effect Study

Ps in dark room shown single point of light, must estimate distance the light moves (optical illusion, it is still) - alone, then with another Ps in room - norm can be created even though it is false and ambiguous

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what does the Autokinetic Effect Study show

is we aren't sure of ourself, we look to others

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Asch's line judgement study

match standard line with comparison line, 6 conf. 1 Ps - confederates start with correct answer, then all give wrong answer

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two types of influence for conformity

informational and normative

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informational influence

we want to be right, we believe others are correct (Price is Right, Sherif's study, online reviews)

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normative influence

we want (Asch's study, dressing up, teens and fitting in)

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when the task is unambiguous, what role do others play, what type of influence, and what study provides evidence

Ps follows incorrect majority, normative influence, Asch's Line Study

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when the task is unambiguous, what role do others play, what type of influence, and what study provides evidence

Ps follows incorrect majority, normative influence, Asch's Line Study

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informational influence leads to what type of conformaty

private conformity - changes in both behavior and beliefs (going with norm because you don't know what's right and assume others are right)

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normative influence leads to what type of conformity

public conformity - change in superficial behavior (going with norm to fit in not because you agree with it)

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situational factors for increasing conformity

group of 3-5, unanimity, cohesive (sense of we), higher status people, public response, prior commitment

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types of conformity

acceptance of norms, compliances to requests, obedience in response to others

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acceptance

Bx and attitude match social norm

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compliance

Bx matches request, attitude does not

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obedience

following a command (type of compliance)

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Hofling obedience study

21/22 nurses gave overdose of "Astroten" when ordered to despite warning label, not knowing the doctor, and Astroten wasn't on list of drugs they could administer

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Milgram's obedience study

Ps is teacher that shocks conf. student when answers question wrong - 65% of pts. shocked all the way to XXX

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Milgram's obedience study shows that

ordinary people can become objects of destruction

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obedience strongest when

study run by prestigious institution, Ps was far away from conf., authority conf. was present and looked legitimate

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what decreases obedience

presence of other rebels

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mimicry (chameleon effect)

subtle, non-conscious form of conformity in which people take on speech patterns/Bx mannerisms of interaction partner

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chameleon effect study

Ps engaged with conf that shook foot, then with one that rubbed face; recorded # times Ps did each Bx, Ps couldn't recall how many times themself or the conf. did each

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what happens when others mimic us

we like them more, interaction goes more smoothly, we are inclined to help them

29

zimbardo stanford prison experiment

shows power of situation, roleplaying, deindividuation, etc.,