AUB Flashcards Preview

OB GYN > AUB > Flashcards

Flashcards in AUB Deck (24):
1

Causes of AUB

PALM COEIN

Polyp
Adenomyosis
Leiomyoma
Malignancy
Coagulopathy
Ovulatory dysfunction
Endometrial
Iatrogenic
Not yet classified

2

Most common benign neoplastic growth of the cervix

Cervical polyp

3

Endocervical polyp is what color

Cherry red

4

Cervical polyps are what color

Grayish white

5

Most common type of cervical polyp

Adenomatous type

6

Localized overgrowth of endometrial glands and stroma that project beyond the endometrium

Endometrial polyp

7

3 components of endometrial polyp

Endometrial glands
Endometrial stroma
Central vascular channels

8

Symptom of cervical polyp

Bleeding after coitus

9

Symptom of endometrial polyp

Menorrhagia, pre and post menstrual spotting

10

Treatment for endometrial and cervical polyp

Cervical- polypectomy
Endometrial- hysteroscopy with D and C

11

Ectopic endometrial glands and stroma within the myometrium

Adenomyosis

12

Definitive treatment for adenomyosis

Hysterectomy

13

Mildest form of leiomyoma

Hyaline

14

Most acute form of leiomyoma

Carneous (red) degeneration

15

Indication to do hysterectomy rather than myomectomy in leiomyoma

Uterus >14-16 weeks size
Rapid growth after menopause

16

First line diagnostic tool for AUB

Ultrasound

17

Accurate evaluation tool for intracavitary lesions

Saline infusion sonography

18

Imaging study that is both diagnostic and therapeutic

Hysteroscopy

19

This diagnostic test is recommended for:
Postmenopausal women with heavy/ irregular bleeding
Endometrial cells or atypical glandular cellson pap smear
Patients on Tamoxifen with abnormal vaginal bleeding
Still menstruating after 52 years old

Endometrial biopsy

20

This androgenic steroid inhibits gonadotropins and is used for AUB

Side effect weight gain and acne

Danazol

21

Danazol causes this irreversible side effect when overdosed

Low pitched voice

22

Treatment of choice for women with hypovolemia due to AUB

D&C

23

May be offered as initial treatment for HMB

For those with medical contraindications against hysterectomy and those with small myoma

Endometrial ablation

24

Diagnostic and therapeutic for immediate management of severe bleeding

D&C