Infertility, Menopause, PO Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infertility, Menopause, PO Deck (22):
1

Infertility is the inability of the couple to conceive after this period of time of trying

1 year

2

First line treatment for anovulation

Clomiphene citrate

3

This drug for anovulation or ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome competes with estrogen binding sites on the hypothalamus and increases FSH and estrogen

Clomiphene citrate

4

Aromatase inhibitor that inhibits E2 production and increases FSH

Letrozole

5

This occurs due to complications from gonadotropin administration

Fluid shift
Ascites
Pleural effusion
Electrolyte imbalance
Thromboembolism

Ovarian Hyperstimulation syndrome

6

Characteristic feature seen in the uterus when a patient has TB infection

Pipe stem tube

7

Menopause occurs after __ months of amenorrhea after the LMP with no attributable cause

12 months

8

Hallmark of perimenopause

Skipped periods, longer intervals

9

Period of time when a woman passes from reproductive stage to non reproductive

Perimenopause, menopause and postmenopausal years

Climacteric

10

Average age of menopause for Filipinos

48 years old

11

Mean duration of perimenopause

5 years

12

Inhibin, FSH and LH levels in menopausal transition is

FSH- increased
Inhibin- decreased
LH- remain normal

13

Principal steroid secreted by the ovary in menopause

Androstenedione

14

Hallmark of female climacteric

Hot flush

15

Bone changes with decreased estrogen levels in menopause include

Loss of trabecular bone

16

Most common bone fracture in postmenopausal women

Vertebral bone fracture

17

Absolute contraindication for hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women

Porphyria cutanea tarda

18

Stage of POP when it is 1cm above hymenal ring

Stage 1

19

Stage of POP when it is 1cm below hymenal ring

Stage 3

20

Conservative therapy for POP

Pessary
Pelvic floor muscle training

21

Surgical treatment for cystocele

Anterior colporraphy

22

Surgical treatment for rectocele

Posterior colporraphy