Flashcards in B2.048 Prework 1 Treatment of DM1 Deck (17)
what are the ABCs of diabetes control
what is medical nutrition therapy?
nutrition prescription is tailed for people with diabetes based on medical, lifestyle, and personal factors
what are some positive long term effects of glycemic control?
diminish likelihood of neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, and CAD
for which patients is carb consistency of high importance?
patients receiving fixed doses of short and intermediate acting insulin
what is the main goal of basic carb counting?
promote glycemic control by implementing a consistent pattern of carb consumption with meals and snacks day to day
what is advance carb counting?
adjustment of food, insulin,a and activity based on patterns from detailed logs
how would you treat hypoglycemia?
51-70 mg/dL: 10-15 g fast acting carbs
<50 mg/dL: 20-30 g fast acting carbs
what could a pattern of overtreating hypoglycemia do?
increase blood glucose to levels higher than desired and increase calorie intake, resulting in weight gain
what factors help determine the caloric intake for an individual patient?
current weight in relationship to a healthy body weight
fat distribution and waist circumference
lowering caloric intake and inducing weight loss is of major importance to what type of DM1 patients?
overweight and obese
what is more important, fat quantity or quality?
what is the recommended level of fiber intake?
14 g per 1000 calories daily
what is glycemic index?
an in vivo measurement of the relative impact of carb containing foods on blood glucose
what is glycemic load?
product of glycemic index and total carb content
what are some low glycemic index foods
non starchy vegetables, nuts, legumes, and certain grains
what are some high glycemic index foods
potatoes, candy, white bread, refined products