B2.048 Prework 1 Treatment of DM1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in B2.048 Prework 1 Treatment of DM1 Deck (17)
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1

what are the ABCs of diabetes control

A1c
blood pressure
cholesterol

2

what is medical nutrition therapy?

nutrition prescription is tailed for people with diabetes based on medical, lifestyle, and personal factors

3

what are some positive long term effects of glycemic control?

diminish likelihood of neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, and CAD

4

for which patients is carb consistency of high importance?

patients receiving fixed doses of short and intermediate acting insulin

5

what is the main goal of basic carb counting?

promote glycemic control by implementing a consistent pattern of carb consumption with meals and snacks day to day

6

what is advance carb counting?

adjustment of food, insulin,a and activity based on patterns from detailed logs

7

how would you treat hypoglycemia?

51-70 mg/dL: 10-15 g fast acting carbs
<50 mg/dL: 20-30 g fast acting carbs

8

what could a pattern of overtreating hypoglycemia do?

increase blood glucose to levels higher than desired and increase calorie intake, resulting in weight gain

9

what factors help determine the caloric intake for an individual patient?

current weight in relationship to a healthy body weight
weight history
fat distribution and waist circumference
muscle mass
genetics
A1c

10

lowering caloric intake and inducing weight loss is of major importance to what type of DM1 patients?

overweight and obese

11

what is more important, fat quantity or quality?

quantity

12

what is the recommended level of fiber intake?

14 g per 1000 calories daily

13

what is glycemic index?

an in vivo measurement of the relative impact of carb containing foods on blood glucose

14

what is glycemic load?

product of glycemic index and total carb content

15

what are some low glycemic index foods

non starchy vegetables, nuts, legumes, and certain grains

16

what are some high glycemic index foods

potatoes, candy, white bread, refined products

17

what DM1 patients are at risk of developing eating disorders?

female adolescents and young adults