Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism - Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism - Chapter 7 Deck (30):
1

Standardized parts that can be used in place of one another

Interchangeable parts

2

Military hero and seventh president

Andrew Jackson

3

Political party formed in 1834 to oppose policies of Andrew Jackson

Whig Party

4

Eli Whitney's invention for cleaning cotton

Cotton gin

5

Supreme Court case that denied Maryland the right to tax the Bank of the United States

McColloch v. Maryland

6

A belief that national interests as a whole should be more important than what one region wants

Nationalism

7

Party started by Jackson's followers

Democratic-Republican Party

8

Path the Cherokee were forced to travel from Georgia to Indian Territory

Trail of Tears

9

Henry Clay's name for an 1828 tariff increase

Tariff of Abominations

10

A federally funded road, stretching from Cumberland, Maryland, to Vandalia, Illinois

National Road

11

Inventor of interchangeable parts and the cotton gin

Eli Whitney

12

Sixth president of the United States

John Quincy Adams

13

Vice-President and congressional leader from South Carolina

John C. Calhoun

14

Canal that connected the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean

Erie Canal

15

A change in the making of goods from small workshops to large factories that used machines

Industrial Revolution

16

Ninth president

William Henry Harrison

17

A Senate leader from Massachusetts

Daniel Webster

18

Clay's plan for economic development

American system

19

A protective tariff designed to help American industries

Tariff of 1816

20

The making of goods in large amounts

Mass production

21

Warning to European nations not to interfere in the Americans

Monroe Doctrine

22

Speaker of the House of Representatives and political leader from Kentucky

Henry Clay

23

A series of financial failures that led to an economic depression

Panic of 1837

24

National bank established by Congress first in 1791 and then in 1816

Bank of the United States

25

Law that forced Native Americans to move west

Indian Removal Act

26

Eight President

Martin van Buren

27

System in which incoming political parties throw out former government workers and replace them with their own friends

Spoils system

28

Agreement that temporarily settled the issue of slavery in the territories

Missouri Compromise

29

Treaty that secured the purchase of Florida from Spain

Adams-Onís Treaty

30

Tenth president

John Tyler