Shaping a New Nation - Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Shaping a New Nation - Chapter 5 Deck (22):
1

A government in which the people elect representatives to govern

Republic

2

The idea that government should be based on the consent of the people

Republicanism

3

The set of laws that established the first government of the United States

Articles of Confederation

4

A loose alliance of state

Confederation

5

A law that set up a plan for surveying land wast of the Appalachian Mountains

Land Ordinance of 1785

6

Law that organized the Northwest Territories

Law that organized the Northwest Territories

7

Anti-tax protest bu farmers

Shays's Rebellion

8

One of the leaders of the Constitutional Convention

James Madison

9

Delegate who developed the Great Compromise

Roger Sherman

10

Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house

Great Compromise

11

Compromise that allowed states to count three-fifths of their slaves as part of the population

Three-fifths Compromise

12

The division of power between the federal and state governments

Federalism

13

The branch of government that makes laws

Legislative branch

14

The branch of government that enforces the laws

Executive branch

15

The branch of government that interprets the laws and the Constitution

Judicial branch

16

Powers given to separate branches of government to keep any one from getting too much power

Checks and balances

17

A group selected to elect the president, in which each state's number of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress

Electoral college

18

Official approval of the Constitution

Ratification

19

Supporters of the new Constitution

Federalists

20

People opposed to ratification of the new Constitution

Anti-federalists

21

Essays written by the Federalist leaders that defended the Constitution

The Federalists

22

Set of amendments passed to protect individual rights

Bill of Rights