Launching the New Nation - Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Launching the New Nation - Chapter 6 Deck (35):
1

Court case that established the power of judicial review

Marbury v. Madison

2

General who led American forces in Battle of New Orleans

Andrew Jackson

3

Leader of an expedition to explore the Louisiana Purchase

Lewis and Clark

4

Land bought from France in 1803

Louisiana Purchase

5

Native American leader

William Henry Harrison Tecumseh

6

Native American woman who served as a guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark expedition

Sacajawea

7

American anger over bribes demanded by French diplomats

XYZ Affair

8

Negotiated treaty with Spain over Spanish lands east of the Mississippi River

Thomas Pinckney

9

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

John Marshall

10

Laws that made it harder to become a citizen and created harsh punishments for people who criticize the government

Alien and Sedition Acts

11

Treaty that ended the War of 1812

Treaty of Ghent

12

Native American leader who led Native American confederacy against Americans in the Battle of Fallen Timbers

Little Turtle

13

French diplomat who tried to get American support against the British

Edmond Genet

14

A ban on exporting goods to other countries

Embargo

15

Jefferson's political party and ancestors of today's Democratic Party

Democratic-Republicans

16

Sealing ports to prevent other ships from entering or leaving

Blockade

17

The power of judges to declare a law unconstitutional

Judicial Review

18

Law that increased the number of federal judges by sixteen

Judiciary Act of 1801

19

Political system where two political parties compete for power

Two-party system

20

Tax on imported goods to protect domestic business

Protective tariff

21

Practice of placing the interests of one region over those of the nation as a whole

Sectionalism

22

Democratic-Republican and running mate of Thomas Jefferson in the 1800 election

Aaron Burr

23

One who favors war

War hawk

24

A national bank funded by the the federal government and wealthy investors

Bank of the United States

25

The idea that states had the right to nullify or void any law they deemed unconstitutional

Nullification

26

An early Federalist leader

Alexander Hamilton

27

Negotiated a treaty with Britain over territory

John Jay

28

End to fighting The War

Armistice

29

Tecumseh

Shawnee chief who formed Native American confederation to fight Americans

30

Chief advisers of the president

Cabinet

31

Act of seizing sailors to work on ships

Impressment

32

To support neither side

Neutrality

33

Judge appointed to the Supreme Court by President Adams late on the last day of his administration

Midnight judge

34

Tax on goods produced within the country

Excise tax

35

Law that set up the national court system

Judiciary Act of 1789