The American Colonies Emerge - Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The American Colonies Emerge - Chapter 2 Deck (30):
1

Spanish explorer

Conquistador

2

Conquistador who defeated the Aztecs

Hernándo Cortés

3

Spanish colony in the New World

New Spain

4

Person of mixed Spanish and Native American descent

Mestizo

5

Brutal Spanish system of using Native Americans for labor

Encomienda

6

Conquistador who explored present-day Florida

Juan Ponce de León

7

Spanish colonies in North America

New Mexico

8

Pueblo religious leader who led an uprising against the Spanish

Popé

9

Leader of Jamestown

John Smith

10

Companies in which investors pooled their wealth with the hope of yielding a profit

Joint-stock companies

11

First permanent English settlement in North America

Jamestown

12

Native Americans who lived in the area that became Jamestown

Powhatan

13

The Virginia Company's system in which settlers and the family members who came with them each received 50 acres of land

Headright system

14

Workers who exchanged their labor for help getting started in America

Indentured Servants

15

A colony under the direct control of a monarch

Royal colony

16

Planter who led a rebellion in 1676 against the governor of the Virginia Colony

Nathaniel Bacon

17

Members of a religious group known for its strict beliefs

Puritans

18

Leader of the first settlers at Massachusetts Bay Colony

john Winthrop

19

Members of a Puritan group who established their own congregations

Separatists

20

Second permanent English colony in North America founded by the Pilgrims

Plymouth Colony

21

Colony founded by Puritans in 1630

Massachusetts Bay Colony

22

Puritan dissenter who set up a new colony in Rhode Island

Roger Williams

23

Puritan dissenter banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony who fled to Rhode Island in 1638

Anne Hutchinson

24

A 1637 conflict in which Pequots battled Connecticut colonists

Pequot War

25

Native American chief who fought against English colonists in the King Philip's War

Metacom

26

King Philip's War

Conflict between settlers and Native Americans

27

Colony founded by the Dutch in 1621

New England

28

Owner of a colony

Proprietor

29

Founder of Pennsylvania

William Penn

30

Quakers

Members of a religious group known for tolerance