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Foundations In Nursing Practice N109 > Basic concepts of functional assessment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basic concepts of functional assessment Deck (16)
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1

Id

Freud - Centered on seeking pleasure in avoiding pain

2

Superego

Freud-
Represents a person’s conscience and tells the person what he or she should do

3

Ego

Freud-
Centered on the reality principle, meaning that it balances the demand of the id and restrictions of the superego in order to meet the realities of the situation.

4

RSV -Respiratory syncytial virus

Contagious respiratory virus that can have serious health consequences for infant.

Symptoms are common cold but can Progress to pneumonia

5

Strabismus

Cross eye
If untreated can lead to reduced visual acuity in one eye

6

Amblyopia

Reduced visual acuity
can be caused by cross eyes or refractive errors like myopia.

7

3 types Of failure to thrive and their differences.

Organic FTT: Physical cause Such as aids, chronic renal failure, heart conditions or neurological lesions.

Non-organic NFTT: psychosocial factors

Idiopathic FTT: form of NFTT that is unexplained by organic or environmental etiologies

8

Freud’s psychosexual theory-
List 5 stages:

Oral stage- birth to 1yr
Anal stage- 1-3 yr toilet training

Phallic stage 3-6yrs. resolution of Oedipus and Electra complex results in identifying with same sex parent. Development of the superego.

Latent 6-12 libido is quiet.

Genital stage 12+ pursue biological goal of reproduction

9

Erickson’s psychosocial theory
List the stages

Trust vs mistrust birth to 1yr
Autonomy vs shame and doubt 1-3
Initiative vs guilt 3-6
Industry vs inferiority 6-12
Identity vs role confusion 12-20
Intimacy vs isolation 20-40
Generativity vs stagnation 40-65
Integrity vs despair 65+

10

Piaget’s cognitive development
List stages

Sensorimotor: birth to 2 yr- sensory organs and muscles become more functional.

Preoperational: 2-7yr- emerging ability to think with use of symbols and mental images

Concrete operations: 7-11yr- learn to reason about events in here and now- cooperation and sharing

Formal operations: 12+ able to see relationships and reason in the abstract

11

Moral development according to Kohlberg

List the stages:

Level 1- preconventional: birth to 9 yr- selfish, dependent on others
(Punishment, obedience, right is defined by what is acceptable)
Level 2- conventional: 9-13- interpersonal relations (approval is sought through actions, authority respected)
Level 3- postconventional: 13+ understands the morality of having democratic laws.

12

What kind of development theories did each of these people come up with?
Freud
Erickson
Piaget
Kohlberg
Gillian
Fowler
Gould

Freud: psychosexual
Erickson: psychosocial
Piaget: cognitive
Kohlberg: moral
Gillian: moral
Fowler: spiritual , faith
Gould: adult development

13

Developmental tasks are

age related achievements.

14

What is the name of the model that Emphasizes and individuals believe in being personally capable of performing the behavior required to influence one’s own health?

And who developed it?

Self-efficacy theory

Developed by Bandura

15

What model/theory was based on extensive Research about smoking cessation?

Transtheoretical model

16

What is the primary objective of social marketing?

To change behavior