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Foundations In Nursing Practice N109 > Growth and Developement > Flashcards

Flashcards in Growth and Developement Deck (39)
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1

There are many types of developmental theories. What kind of developmental theories did each person create?
Kohlberg:
Gould:
Freud:
Erickson:
Piaget:

Kohlberg: moral development (moral reasoning)

Gould: psychosocial (logical maturity)

Freud: psychosexual

Erickson: psychosocial

Piaget: cognitive development

2

Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development include :

trust vs. mistrust 0-1 yrs
autonomy vs. shame/doubt 1-3

initiative vs. guilt 3-6 yrs
industry vs. inferiority 6-12yrs

identity vs. role confusion 12-18yrs
intimacy vs. isolation 20-40
generativity vs. stagnation 40-60
integrity vs. despair 60 +

3

Piaget’s theory of intellectual or cognitive development.
4 stages:

sensorimotor stage- birth-2

preoperational stage -age 2-7

concrete operational stage- age 7-11

formal operational stage- age 11- adult

4

In which of Piaget’s cognitive development stages would a person think with the use of symbols and images?

Preoperational stage
Age 2-7

5

In which of Piaget’s cognitive stages would a person have organization of thoughts and far-reaching problem-solving?

Formal operations
Age 11- adult

6

In which of Piaget’s cognitive stages would a person explore the environment?

Sensorimotor stage
Age birth to 2 years old

7

In which of Piaget’s cognitive stages would a person Have Cooperation and sharing?

Concrete operations stage of cognitive development
age 7 to 11

8

Which developmental theory focuses on the adult years?

Gould’s Theory of psychosocial development

9

Growth refers to quantitative or qualitative events?

Quantitative.

10

Development refers to quantitative or qualitative?

Qualitative.
Developmental tasks are age related achievements.

11

Cognitive theories focus on emotional or thinking processes?

Cognitive theories focus on reasoning and thinking processes.

12

Human growth and development are what kind of processes?

Orderly, predictable processes beginning with conception and continuing until death.

13

Kohlberg’s Moral Development theory

LEVEL 1 -Pre-Conventional (birth-9yrs)
Stage 1-Obedience and punishment orientation
Stage2- Instrumental -relativist orientation
LEVEL 2 Conventional (9-13)
Stage 3-Interpersonal concordance
Stage 4- Law and order orientation
LEVEL 3 Post-Conventional (13+)
Stage 5.Social contract orientation
stage 6. Universal ethics orientation

14

What to expect from a person in each level of Kohlberg’s moral reasoning theory?
(3)

Level 1 Preconventional: response to a moral dilemma is in terms of absolute obedience to authority and rules.

Level 2: Conventional thought: sees moral reasoning based on his or her own personal internalization of social and others’ expectations.

Level 3: postconventional: Self chosen ethical principles.

15

Freud’s stages of psychosexual development

Oral- birth-1yr

Anal- 1-3

Phallic 3-6

Latent 6-12

Genital 12+

16

How do developmental theories help nurses?

Understanding normal growth and development help detect any deviations.

Important in helping nurses assess and treat a person’s response to an illness.

17

What causes jaundice in newborn?

Results from breakdown of maternal RBC’s that are in baby’s system. Elevates bilirubin.

18

How many months old would a child likely be to:
Sit up?
Crawl?
Cruise?
Develop pincer grasp?

Sit up - at 7 months
Crawl -7-10
Cruise - 8-12
Develop pincer grasp - 10 months

19

Which growth and development theory states that there are 8 stages of personality development with tasks that must be accomplished at each stage. The greater the achievements the tasks, the more adjusted the personality.

Erickson’s

20

Which growth and development theory states that humans are born with instinctive needs. Lower level needs must be met before higher level and the ability to achieve self actualization.

Freud

21

Which growth and development theory states that people interact with their social environment in a process of lifelong learning.
6 stages.

Havighurst

22

Which growth and development theory states that cognitive development is progressive and sequential through 4 stages.
The person must have the basic abilities of assimilation, accommodation and adaption.

Piaget

23

Half of all deaths of children under 5 years old are caused by:

Protein malnutrition

24

What is the purpose of the “baby friendly hospital initiative “ developed by the WHO.?

Improving nutrition by promoting breast feeding newborns through age 4 months.

25

CA-MRSA

Community Acquired MRSA.
Usually starts with a painful skin boil.
At-risk populations include groups such as high school wrestlers, child care workers and people who live in crowded conditions.

Must come in contact with draining wound.

26

SARS

Severe acute respiratory syndrome.
Temp above 100, diarrhea, muscle aches,headache, dry cough 48 hours to one week after initial symptoms.
Spread from China to Canada and US.

27

Treatment for TB:
Latent and Active

Active TB- person is required to take med for 6-9 months.

Latent TB- 9 months of meds.

28

MDR-TB
(Multidrug resistant TB)

World wide problem.

Caused by under treatment and noncompliance with medications.

The strain in Russia is more severe than the rest of the world. Resistant to all 4 first line drugs.

29

Who is at greater risk of suicide.
Teenager or elderly?

Older adults are at greater risk

30

Anthrax

Bacillus that is not spread person to person.
Treated with cipro or doxycycline for 60 days.