BASIC OSTEOLOGY - vertebral column C2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BASIC OSTEOLOGY - vertebral column C2 Deck (15):
1

What unique vertebral body modification is characteristic of C2

the dens or odontoid process

2

What surfaces are present on the odontoid process of C2

facet for fovea dentis, groove for transverse atlantal ligament, attachment sites for the alar ligaments, attachment site for the apical-dental ligament

3

What feature is identified on the anterior surface of the odontoid process of C2

facet for fovea dentis

4

What feature is identified on the posterior surface of the odontoid process of C2

groove for transverse atlantal ligament

5

What feature is identified on the superolateral margins of the odontoid process of C2

attachment sites for the alar ligaments

6

what feature is identified on the tip of the odontoid process of C2

attachment site for the apical dental ligament

7

what feature is identified on the anterior surface of the vertebral body of c2

the longus colli muscle attachment

8

what feature is identified on the anterior surface of the inferior epiphyseal rim of C2

the anterior lip

9

what feature is identified on the posterior surface of the inferior epiphyseal rim of C2

the posterior lip

10

what features are present at the lateral margins of the inferior epiphyseal rim of C2?

right and left lateral grooves

11

what lies on the upper surface of the pedicle of C2

the superior articular process

12

what is the location of the superior vertebral notch of C2

on the lamina-pedicle junction

13

what feature is identified on the lower surface of the pedicle of C2

the inferior vertebral notch or inferior vertebral incisure

14

what osseous parts of the typical cervical transverse process are present at c2

costal element, posterior tubercle and true transverse process

15

what is the characteristic appearance of the c2 spinous process in humans

it is bifid