Flashcards in OSTEOLOGY - Bone surface features Deck (15)
What are the four basic surface feature cateogries?
elevations, depressions, tunnels or passageways and facets
When do the surface features of bone become prominent?
during and after puberty
What are the types of osseous elevations?
linear, rounded and sharp
What are the types of osseous linear elevation?
the line, ridge, and crest
What are the types of rounded osseous elevations?
tubercle, protuberance, trochanter, tuber or tuberosity and malleolus
What is the definition of an osseous tubercle?
a small raised elevation from the surface of bone, usually associated with the attachment of a ligament or tendon
What is the definition of an osseous protuberance?
rounded elevation from the surface of bone with a larger base that appears as a swelling or knob
What is the definition of an osseous malleolus?
a hammerhead-like elevation on the surface of bone
What are examples of an osseous malleolus?
the medial malleolus of the tibia and lateral malleolus of the fibula
What is the definition of an osseous foramen?
an ostium passing completely through a thin region of bone
What is the definition of an osseous canal?
an ostium passing completely through a thick region of bone
What is the name given to an ostium which does not completely penetrate through a region of bone but appears as a blind-ended passageway?
What is the definition of an osseous fissure?
an irregular slit-like or crack-like appearance between the surfaces of adjacent bones
What are the categories of osseous facets?
flat facets and rounded facets