OSTEOLOGY - Bone surface features Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OSTEOLOGY - Bone surface features Deck (15):
1

What are the four basic surface feature cateogries?

elevations, depressions, tunnels or passageways and facets

2

When do the surface features of bone become prominent?

during and after puberty

3

What are the types of osseous elevations?

linear, rounded and sharp

4

What are the types of osseous linear elevation?

the line, ridge, and crest

5

What are the types of rounded osseous elevations?

tubercle, protuberance, trochanter, tuber or tuberosity and malleolus

6

What is the definition of an osseous tubercle?

a small raised elevation from the surface of bone, usually associated with the attachment of a ligament or tendon

7

What is the definition of an osseous protuberance?

rounded elevation from the surface of bone with a larger base that appears as a swelling or knob

8

What is the definition of an osseous malleolus?

a hammerhead-like elevation on the surface of bone

9

What are examples of an osseous malleolus?

the medial malleolus of the tibia and lateral malleolus of the fibula

10

What is the definition of an osseous foramen?

an ostium passing completely through a thin region of bone

11

What is the definition of an osseous canal?

an ostium passing completely through a thick region of bone

12

What is the name given to an ostium which does not completely penetrate through a region of bone but appears as a blind-ended passageway?

meatus

13

What is the definition of an osseous fissure?

an irregular slit-like or crack-like appearance between the surfaces of adjacent bones

14

What are the categories of osseous facets?

flat facets and rounded facets

15

What are the categories of rounded osseous facets?

articular heads and articular condyles