OSTEOLOGY - Bone classification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OSTEOLOGY - Bone classification Deck (14):
1

What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone?

long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, paranasal sinus or pneumatic bones and sesamoid bones

2

What are the classifications given to abnormal bone stressed in Spinal Anatomy?

heterotropic and accessory bone

3

What is the name given to bone formed in a non bone location?

heterotropic bone

4

What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone?

accessory bone

5

What is the primary characteristic of short bones?

they are essentially cuboidal

6

What are examples of short bones?

most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus

7

What are examples of flat bones?

the parietal bone and sternum

8

What is charactersitc of pneumatic bone?

air spaces within the bone

9

What are examples of pneumatic bone?

frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, sphenoid and temporal

10

What bones contain paranasal sinuses?

frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, and sphenoid

11

What is the characteristic of sesmoid bone?

the bone develops within a tendon

12

What are consistent examples of sesamoid bones?

patella and pisiform

13

What are examples of heterotopic bone?

calcific deposits in the pineal gland, heart, and ligaments

14

What are examples of accessory bone?

para-articular processes and bony spurs of vertebrae