Flashcards in OSTEOLOGY - Bone classification Deck (14)
What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone?
long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, paranasal sinus or pneumatic bones and sesamoid bones
What are the classifications given to abnormal bone stressed in Spinal Anatomy?
heterotropic and accessory bone
What is the name given to bone formed in a non bone location?
What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone?
What is the primary characteristic of short bones?
they are essentially cuboidal
What are examples of short bones?
most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus
What are examples of flat bones?
the parietal bone and sternum
What is charactersitc of pneumatic bone?
air spaces within the bone
What are examples of pneumatic bone?
frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, sphenoid and temporal
What bones contain paranasal sinuses?
frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, and sphenoid
What is the characteristic of sesmoid bone?
the bone develops within a tendon
What are consistent examples of sesamoid bones?
patella and pisiform
What are examples of heterotopic bone?
calcific deposits in the pineal gland, heart, and ligaments