EXAM 2: REGIONS - cervical region Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in EXAM 2: REGIONS - cervical region Deck (26):
1

Which mammals have more than seven cervical vertebrae?

ant bear, three toed sloth

2

Which mammals have less than seven cervical vertebrae

two toed sloth, manatee

3

Which vertabrae are typical cervicals

C3-C6

4

Which vertebrae are atypical cervicals

C1, C2, C7

5

What is the appearance of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?

posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters

6

What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features

posterior or kyphotic

7

What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve

the intervertebral disc height

8

What is the direction of the typical cervical curve

anterior or lordotic

9

At which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height

C5/C6

10

What is the effect of aging on the cervical vertebral body

it diminishes the overall height of the vertebral body

11

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical

anterior groove, posterior groove, right and left uncinate processes

12

what are the names of the lateral modification of the superior epiphyseal rim

uncinate process, unciform process, uncovertebral process, uncus or lateral lip

13

at what developmental age will the uncinate process first be discovered

3-4 fetal month

14

what are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical

anterior lip, posterior lip, right and left lateral grooves

15

what is the joint classification for the anterior lip anterior groove articulation

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

16

what is the joint classification for the uncinate process lateral groove articulation

modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

17

what is the joint classification for the spongy bone intervertebral disc articulation

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

18

how many joints are present on the lower surface of a typical cervical body

five

19

how many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical

ten

20

how many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical

four

21

The joint of Luschka is formed from what surfaces

the uncinate process and lateral grooves

22

what is the functional significance of the joint of Luschka

it appears to stabilize the intervertebral disc while accommodating flexion - extension and requiring coupled motion (axial rotation with lateral bending) in the cervical spine

23

what muscle attaches to the typical cervical vertebral body

the longus colli muscle

24

What soft tissue diameter mimics the outline of the typical cervical vertebral foramen

the transverse diameter of the cervical enlargement of the spinal cord

25

the greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at ... ?

C6

26

the greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple

C5/C6