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Flashcards in Before first exam Deck (31):
1

Microbiology is divided into what groups?

Bacteriology
Biology
Parasitology
Immunology

2

Why acquire knowledge in infectious disease of animals?

Diagnose -> Treat -> Prevent

3

T:F Virus are living microorganisms

False

4

Key characteristic of Prokaryotes

Lack of nucleolus

5

Prokaryote examples

Bacteria
Archaea

6

What are cells that have nucleolus called

Eukaryotes

7

Examples of Eukaryotes

Fungi
Protozoa
Helminths

8

Virus and prions are examples of what kind of organism?

Acellular

9

Prions are what?

Proteinaceous infectious partial. A wrongly folded protein.

10

Examples of disease caused by Prion

BSE

11

Benefits of microbes

Bread, cheese, yogurt, alcohol, wine, beer, antibodies, vaccinations, vitamins, enzymes

12

Harm form microbes

Diseases, Food spoilage

13

Functions of microbes that are essential components of a ecosystem.

Cycling of important nutrients
Nitrogen fixers
Energy Production (Natural Gas)
Bioremediation

14

What two people developed the microscope?

Robert Hooke (Micro fungus)
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek (Bacteria and Protozoa)

15

What were the 4 questions that were the development of microbiology?

1) Where does the microbe originate?
2) What causes spoiling?
3) What causes disease?
4) How do we treat and prevent spoiling and disease?

16

What are Louis Pasteur most significant achievements?

Disproved theory of spontaneous generation
Proposed germ theory of disease
Pasteurization
Rabies vaccination through usage of aviruent strains

17

What is Abiogenesis

Abiogenesis is the theory that
address the actual origins of life on Earth.

18

Who is the father of antiseptic surgery

Joseph Lister

19

Who used cow-pox as a vacc for small-pox?

Edward Jenner

20

Who is the father of cell biology and came up with the cell theory?

Rudolf Virchow - He also noted the link between diseases of humans and animals and coined the term “zoonosis”

21

Who discovered "The Magic Bullet" Penicillin.

Alexander Fleming

22

6 major elements in macromolecules

Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Sulfur
Phosphorous

23

All living things have what 3 things in common?

Have a plasma membrane
Use ATP for energy
Genetic information in DNA

24

What is taxonomy?

Science of classification of living objects
Common reference source
Universal language
Dynamic area of science
"Systematists" are the ppl who work in taxonomy

25

Who presented the binomial nomenclature?

Carl Linneaus

26

What is a species?

Sexually reproducing organisms. A population that can breed and produce fertile offspring

27

Who came up with the current classification system?

Carl R Woese

28

The current classification system is based on?

Structure of ribosomes used for protein synthesis. 16 rRNA

29

Chain of classifications are

Life
Domain
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species

30

How do we learn about relationship btwn living objects

Fossil Records
Comparative homologies
Comparative sequencing of genetic material

31

Difference btwn archea and bacteria

Archea -lack peptidoglycan, a pathogenic one yet to be identified, extreme halophiles (saline), exteme thermophiles, methanoges