Flashcards in Bio Test #4 Deck (31):
Compounds that contain carbon found in living organisms
What are inorganic compounds that contain carbon, that is found in living organisms?
CO2 (carbon dioxide), CO3 (carbonate),& HCO3 (bio carbonate)
What are the 3 main organic compounds?
What are characteristics of organic compounds?
Large & seem very complex, but in reality they are built using small & relatively simple monomers
Monomers joined together
What are monomers for carbohydrates?
How many carbon compounds does glucose contain?
C6H12O6; 6 carbon compounds
How many carbon compounds does ribose contain?
C5H10O5; 5 carbon compound
What are functions of carbohydrates?
Quick form of energy, transport energy, stores energy
Another word carbohydrates
What are monomers of protein?
Amino acids joined together
Another word for amino acids
How are amino acids joined together?
By a condensation reaction
A covalent bond between two amino acids
What are functions of protein?
They control the rate of reaction, proteins are a part of bones & muscles, transport things in and out of cells, help fight diseases
What are monomers of lipids?
Glycerol & fatty acid
Another word for lipids
1 fatty acid chain linked to glycerol
2 fatty acid chains added to the glycerol
3 fatty acid chains are added to the glycerol
What can lipids be?
Saturated or unsaturated
Fatty acid train loses some hydrogen & forms double bonds between carbon, there can be more than one double bond
What are the functions of lipids?
Long term energy storage, water proof covering on leaves (wax), heat insulation, buoyancy, part of cell membrane (phospholipid bilayer)
Fat under skin reduced heat loss
Fat is less dense than water & it helps them float
How are carbs different than lipids in energy storage?
Easily digested (energy can be released more quickly same); soluble in water, so they are easier to transport; short term energy
How are lipids different than carbs in energy storage?
Cannot be digested as easily but they contain more energy per gram, so storage of lipids is lighter than carbohydrates for the amount of energy; in soluble in water so they do not cause problem w/ osmosis in cells; long term energy