Block 1 Anatomy and Histology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block 1 Anatomy and Histology Deck (29)
1

Schmidt-Landerman cells

2

Name layers. Where are astrocytes found?

Top to bottom: dura matter, subdural space, arachnoid membrame, subarachnoid membrane, pia matter.

Astrocytes are found in pia matter and subarachnoid membrane.

3

Name layers. Where are these found?

Cerebral cortex. Molecular, Outer granular, pyramidal, inner grandular, inner pyramidal, polymorphic

4

What is this? Name the areas.

Cerebellar cortex.  Grey matter, white matter, molecular layer, purkinje cell layer, granular layer

5

This is the central canal of the spinal cord. What cells?

Ependymal

6

What this be. What cells are found here.

Simple squamous. Glomeruli. 

7

What this be. Where is it found

Stratified squamous keratinized epithelium

8

What this be. Why is there clearances.

Stratified squamous non keratinized epithelium. Glycogen in vagina

9

What this be

transitional epithelium! two nuclei boiii!

10

What this be

compound tubuloalveolar

11

What kinds of cells are these. Where are they found.

goblet cells, interdispersed within columnar cells in intestine

12

What types of fibers are these? Name a disease associated with them.

Reticular (collagen III). Ehlers Danlos IV

13

What types of cells are these? Where are they found?

Plasma cells (clock face nucleus) Found in areas of chronicinflammation or where foreign substances/microorganisms have entered

14

This is an electron micrograph of what type of cell? 

Macrophage

15

What kind of cell is this? What are the black vesicles filled with?

Mast cells, granules

16

What kind of cells are these? How do you produce more of these cells?

White fat cells in adults. Number is determined perinatally (except for in hypercellular obesity)

17

What kind of cells are these? How can you tell?

Multilocular brown fat found in infants (can tell because multiple compartments)

18

What kind of tissue is this? 

Loose connective tissue (associated with adipocytes)

19

What kind of tissue is this? What is interdispersed within

Dense connective regular tissue. FIbroblatss are dispersed within collagen fibers. Tendon. 

20

What kind of tissue is this? What nuclei are those?

Dense irregular connective tissue. Fibroblast nuclei

21

WHat kind of tissue is this? What types of cells are within?

Mesenchyme (found in tooth pulp and embryos). Fibroblasts. Few fibers and ground substance

22

What are the two types of tissue seen here. How can you tell.

Loose irregular CT (more white than red) and dense irregular CT (vice versa)

23

This is dense irregular connective tissues. What cells involved in allergy responses are within?

Mast Cells

24

What is this? What cells are found within?

Dense regular CT. Fibroblasts. 

25

What is the indicated area? What subtype of tissue is this?

Fibrous membrane, subtype of dense regular CT that makes up organ capsule

26

What kind of tissue is this? 

Elastic CT, coarse, wavy bands

27

What kind of tissue is this? What kind of border found?

Mucous cT (umbilical cord), simple squamous, fibroblasts within

28

Is this image over penetrated or underpenetated? Why?

Underpenetrated. In a well penetrated chest film, the left hemidiaphragm should be visible up to the vertebral border and the edges of the vertebra should be visible behind the heart. 

29

Is this CXR under or overpenetrated? Why?

Overpenetrated. Lung fields appear darker. The spine is way too visible even behind the diaphrag and the heart shadow is no longer well defined.