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Flashcards in BN4 Patients With speical Needs Deck (20):
1

What term describes a chronic neurologic disorder characterized by progressive and selective degeneration of neurons in the cerebral cortex?

Alzheimer's Disease

2

What term is describes by the sense of danger, apprehension, worry and dread in response to a trigger that is not truly threatening experience?

Anxiety

3

What term describes an increase opacity to the lens, which blocks light rays from entering the eye. Starts to develop slowly after age 35 and is one of the most common eye disorders in older adults age 65 and above?

Cataracts

4

What term describes a state of being perplexed or disconcerted?

Confusion

5

What term describes an unconscious reaction that blocks unpleasant or threatening feelings?

Defense Mechanism

6

What term describes an acute mental disturbance characterized by altered consciousness, reduced attention span and awareness, memory deficits, disorientation, disorganized thinking incoherent speech, altered perception, delusions, hallucinations and sleep disturbances?

Delirium

7

What term describes the progressive condition marked by the deterioration of cognitive functioning including impaired memory and one or more of the following: loss of purposeful movements, speech disturbance, impaired social functioning and emotional apathy?

Dementia

8

What term describes the psychoneurotic disorder characterized by sadness, inactivity, difficulty in thinking and concentration?

Depression

9

What term describes a disturbance of the metabolism of carbohydrates and the use of glucose by the body?

Diabetes

10

What term describes intraocular structural damage resulting from elevated intraocular pressure caused by an aqueous humor outflow obstruction?

Glaucoma

11

What term describes difficulty hearing normal conversations. Losses range from mild to severe. common causes include age related changes of inner ear and exposure to noise?

hearing loss

12

What term describes paralysis of one side of the body?

Hemiplegia

13

What term describes a clinical syndrome of diverse causes with high levels of serum glucose?

Hyperglycemia

14

What term describes a clinical syndrome of diverse causes with low levels of serum glucose?

Hypoglycemia

15

What term describes blurred central vision often occurring suddenly. It is caused by progressive degeneration of of the center of the retina. Its the most common cause of blindness in adults over age 50?

Macular Degeneration

16

What term describes a chronic disease of the fluid balance in the inner ear. It has three typical symptoms: severe vertigo, tinnitus and snsorineural hearing loss?

Meniere's Disease

17

What term describes a state of mind in which the person copes with and adjusts to the stresses of everyday living by behaving in ways acceptable to society?

Mental Health

18

What term describes a disturbance in the ability to cope or adjust to stress?

Mental Illness

19

What term describes an infection of the middle ear with symptoms of earache or ear fullness, hearing loss or fever?

Otitis media

20

What term descries paralysis characterized by motor or sensory loss in the lower limbs and trunk?

Paraplegia