EMT Airway Management CH 9 Flashcards Preview

BMTCP > EMT Airway Management CH 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EMT Airway Management CH 9 Deck (28)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the three regions of the pharynx?

oropharynx, nosopharynx, and larygopharynx

2

What are the structures that make up the airway?

nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs

3

What are the structures surrounding the entrance to the trachea?

laryngopharynx

4

what is the entry point into the larynx called?

glottic opening

5

what is the protective flap that sits above the glottic opening?

epiglottis

6

What is the lower airway composed of?

trachea, bronchial passages, and aveoli

7

Where does the trachea branch off at?

Carina

8

what term describes the contraction of smooth muscle that lines the bronchial passages that results in a decreased internal diameter of the airway and increased resistance to airflow?

bronchoconstriction

9

What term describes a high-pitched sound generated from partially obstructed airflow in the upper airways?

Stridor

10

Describe retractions (usually in children)

pulling in of the muscles above the clavicles and between the ribs

11

What may you see in infants and children who are showing signs of inadequate airway?

nasal flaring

12

What term describes the sound of the soft tissue of the upper airway creating impedance to the flow of air?

snoring

13

What term describes the sound of fluid obstructing the airway?

gurgling

14

What is the most effective way to clear the patient's airway of secretions, blood or vomit?

using a wide-bore, rigid tip, Yankauer suction device

15

What is the most common impediment to an open airway?

lack of airway muscle tone

16

how do you measure an oropharyngeal airway?

from the corner of the patients mouth to the tip of the earlobe on the same side

17

What is the preferred method for insertion of an OPA in an infant or child?

using a tongue depressor and inserting OPA with tip already facing down

18

What are the typical sizes of NPAs in adults?

34, 32,30 and 28 french

19

How do you measure an NPA?

from the patients nostril to the tip of the earlobe

20

Which way should the bevel face when inserting a NPA?

bevel towards the septum

21

In order to be effective a suction device must furnish an air intake of at least ___ liters per minute.

30

22

suction devices must generate a vacuum of no less than ______ mm Hg when tube is clamped

300

23

What attachments are needed for a suction unit?

Tubing
Suction tips
Suction catheters
Collection container
Canister of clean or sterile water

24

What characteristic are required of suction tubing if it is to be effective?

thick walled, nonkinking, wide-bored

25

What is the most popular type of suction tip?

the rigid pharyngeal, aka Yankauer

26

You should try to limit suction to no longer than ____ seconds

10

27

What are some rules for suctioning?

BSI,
Limit to 10 seconds at a time,
Place tip where you want to start and begin suctioning on the way out

28

children tend to depend more on their _____ for breathing

diaphragm