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Flashcards in Bodies Of Water Deck (9)
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0

What type of bodies of water have extreme tides?

Isolated - areas where it is difficult for water to enter & exit

1

What are tides and how are they affected?

Created by the pull of gravity by moon & sun

Raising & lowering of water level twice in a 24 hour period

2

How are waves created?

By wind - stirs the ocean's surface over great distances

3

How do waves work far our vs. Shallow

Waves are constantly moving at a similar pace regardless of area

When they are in a shallower area, they raise up higher causing them to crash
* less room to move *

4

Explain the water cycle (evaporation & condensation)

1. Water stored in the ocean is heated by the sun and evaporates into the air
2. Condensation occurs when the particles & vapor pulls together until they are too heavy

5

Explain the water cycle (Precipitation & Infiltration)

3. Precipitation comes down as rain, snow, sleet, hail (determined by temperature)
4. If ground is not porous or too saturated it does not absorb the water
* it becomes run-off into the ocean in streams & rivers
* taking salt back

5. Water absorbing into the ground is called infiltration

6

What is a water table?

Water infiltrated and in the ground

7

How do rivers, lakes, oceans, and estuaries (brackish / fresh goes into salt) differ greatly? What do these differences depend on?

Differ greatly in their salinity levels

Differences depend on how water enters and leaves the body of water

8

Why do some bodies of water tend to have lower salinity levels than others?

Bodies with drainage have lower salinity levels

Big Bear Lake has a drainage - less salinity

Salt Lake has no drainage - more salinity