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Flashcards in Cells Deck (13)
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What makes up animal cells?

Explain

Organelles

1. Nucleus - brain
2. Mitochondria - powerhouse
3. Ribosomes - creates proteins assists in communication between cells
4. Cytoplasm - goo inside cell membrane - organelles float here
5. Cell membrane - holds everything in

1

What does the nucleus house?

"Brain"

Houses DNA
- deoxyribonucleic acid
- chromosomes • genetic blueprint of the cell • used when reproducing

2

What is the mitochondria?

"Powerhouse"

Carbs & ATP to become energy

3

What do ribosomes do?

House
RNA - ribonucleic acid

Translate
DNA

to make proteins

4

What is selectively permeable?

Cell membrane

It picks what to let
in - food/oxygen
or
out - waste product

5

What makes up plant cells?

Explain

All of the animals cells

As well as:

1. Vacuole - large storage container for fluid or moving the cell through contraction

2. Chloroplast - holds chemical chlorophyll • gives plants green color •
Key component of photosynthesis

3. Cell wall - outside the cell membrane, protecting the cell
Plants don't need skeletons like humans b/c of this cell wall

6

What is mitosis?

What are the phases?

Cell division

Ex. Growth, healing

1. Prophase
2. Metaphase
3. Anaphase
4. Telephase

7

What is the prophase of mitosis?

Genetic material •chromosomes• duplicate

8

What is the metaphase of mitosis?

The duplicated genetic material from prophase lines up along the center line

Spindle begins to grow and will eventually be cut into two cells by the equatorial line

9

What is anaphase in mitosis?

Cells begins to split
1. Genetic material moves far away from the equatorial line

10

What is telephase in mitosis?

The cell is completely split into two child cells
* after interphase diploid cells can begin splitting into more cells *

11

What are diploid cells?

Having a pair of chromosomes

12

What is meiosis?

Process of cell division used in the creation of sex cells

Cells are haploid (having one chromosome) and must join with another gamete (sperm or ova) in order to continue division


** occurs in ovaries & testes **