Body & Body Systems Continued Flashcards Preview

AP/College Biology - 1300+ > Body & Body Systems Continued > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body & Body Systems Continued Deck (199)
Loading flashcards...
1

blank tissue does not grow back

brain

2

blank output is the volume of blood pumped by each ventricle per minute

cardiac

3

blank increases during exertion because of an increase in both heart rate and stroke volume

cardiac output

4

the blood consists of blank which is the matrix

plasma

5

blank is the second biggest part of blood

red blood cells

6

blank is the third biggest part of blood

platelets

7

blank is the smallest part of blood

white blood cells

8

three functions of circulating blood

transportation, regulation and protection

9

plasma is blank percent water

92

10

five solutes in plasma

nutrients, wastes, hormones, ions, proteins

11

plasma is called blank when proteins are removed

serum

12

blank are also called red blood cells

erythrocytes

13

red blood cells of vertebrates contain blank

hemoglobin

14

a pigment that binds and transports oxygen

hemoglobin

15

these cells in blood are larger than erythrocytes and have nuclei and can migrate out of capillaries

leukocytes

16

cell fragments that pinch off from larger cells in the bone marrow

platelets

17

function in the formation of blood clots

platelets

18

all of the formed elements of blood develop from blank stem cells

pluripotent

19

blank is blood cell production

hematopoiesis

20

red blood cell production is called blank

erythropoiesis

21

maintaining blank balance involves taking and giving water to/from the environment and exchanging solutes which maintains blank

osmotic, homeostasis

22

the measure of a solution's tendency to take in water by osmosis

osmotic pressure

23

the measure of a solution's ability to change the volume of a cell by osmosis

tonicity

24

three types of tonicity

hypertonic, hypotonic, isotonic

25

equal water exchange with surroundings

isotonic

26

water always moves from blank to blank

hypo to hyper

27

organisms that are in osmotic equilibrium with their environment

osmoconformers

28

most marine invertebrates and Chondrichthyes are blank

osmoconformers

29

maintain a constant blood osmolarity different than their environment

osmoregulators

30

most vertebrates are these and all terrestrial animals are these

osmoregulators