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AP/College Biology - 1300+ > Laboratory Cards > Flashcards

Flashcards in Laboratory Cards Deck (128)
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2

these are the same as nostrils and are for breathing

nares

3

a heart with four chambers means the animal is blank but a heart with fewer than four chambers means the animal is blank

endothermic, ectothermic

4

a feature that is common only to birds

air sacs in bones

5

pigeons do not have blank because they do not eat fat

gallbladders

6

in pigs, the pancreas is special because it fits into these two systems

endocrine and digestive

7

the glottis allows air to enter the blank

trachea

8

the esophagus allows food to enter the blank

stomach

9

how many chambered heart of frog

3

10

how many chambered heart of pig

4

11

The blank leads to the nasal passages

nasopharynx

12

without this, food would enter the trachea when swallowing

epiglottis

13

Three functions of the liver

remove poisonous substances, regulate cholesterol levels, make bile

14

What does gallbladder do?

stores bile made by the liver and aids in digesting fats

15

Which ventricle of the heart is more muscular?

left because pumps heart throughout body

16

pulmonary veins carry

oxygen

17

major vein in head

jugular

18

major artery in head

carotid

19

major artery and vein in arms

subclavian

20

major artery and vein in kidney

renal

21

major artery and vein in legs

iliac

22

organ used in human males to carry sperm and urine

urethra

23

right side of heart pumps blood to

lungs

24

left side of heart pumps blood to

body

25

human blood cells are blank that frog's

bigger

26

fish scales blank

vary

27

important parts of heart (10)

aorta, superior vena cava (head and shoulders), pulmonary arteries, L/R atrium, L/R ventricle, inferior vena cava (legs), bicuspid valve (left), tricuspid valve (right), semilunar valves, septum

28

blood movement through the heart

head and feet blood go to the inferior vena cava then into the right atrium then into the right ventricle then into the pulmonary artery then into the lungs then into the pulmonary veins then into the left atrium then into the left ventricle then into the aorta

29

two functions of lungs in homeostasis

pH maintenance and waste removal of CO2

30

Three homeostatic organs

lungs, kidney, liver

31

two functions of liver in homeostasis

maintain glucose levels and convert NH2 to urea