body fluids and circulation level 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in body fluids and circulation level 1 Deck (214)
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1

plasma constitute ____ percent of blood

55%

2

formed elements form ____ percent of blood

45%

3

formed elements consist of ___ and ___

blood cells (erythro, leucocytes)
blood platelets(thrombocyes)

4

blood cells consist of ___ and ____

erythrocytes
leucocytes

5

leucocytes consist of ___ and ___

granulocytes
agranulocytes

6

granulocytes consist of (3)

Neutrophils Basophils Eosinophils

7

agranulocytes consist of ___

monocytes
lymphocytes

8

lymphocytes consist of (2)

B lymphocytes
T lymphocytes

9

___ forms matrix of blood

hint: it is straw colored
plasma

10

____ constitutes 90-92% of plasma

water

11

____ constitutes 6-8% of plasma

proteins

12

name the 3 main types of protein in plasma

fibrinogin
albumins
globulins

13

____ is an important clotting factor (present in plasma) produced by liver

fibrinogen

14

the three subtypes of globulins are

alpha globulins,
beta globulins,
gamma globulins.

15

which protein component of plasma is mainly involved in defense mechanisms of the body

globulins

16

____ globulins are antibodies which function in immune response of the body

gamma

17

alpha and beta globulin function

transport lipids and fat soluble vitamins

18

albumins help in ___

maintaining osmotic balance

19

why is osmotic balance needed (1 sentence)

needed to maintain blood volume and
pressure

20

Plasma contains small amounts of ____ like Na+, Ca++, Mg++, HCO3–, Cl– etc

minerals

21

Plasma without the clotting proteins is called ____

serum

22

____ are the most abundant of all cell types in blood

erythrocyes

23

A healthy adult man on an average has _____ of RBCs/ mm3 of blood.

5 million to 5.5 million

24

In most of the mammals, RBCs are____ in shape and are without ____

biconcave
nucleus

25

shape of RBCs in camel and llama

oval (w/o nuclus)

26

Due to the absence of _____ RBCs respire _____

mitochondria
anaerobically
( so do not use up any of the oxygen they carry.)

27

Red blood cells also contain the enzyme____ which plays a role in carbon dioxide transport

carbonic anhydrase

28

A healthy individual has ___ to ___ gms of hemoglobin per 100 mL of blood.

12-16

29

The formation of RBCs is known as _____

erythropoiesis

30

in embryo, erythropoesis is done in ____

yolk sac