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Health Science CSET Review > Body Systems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body Systems Deck (17)
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1

Integumentary

Hair, skin, nails, sweat, exocrine glands

2

Skeletal

Bones supporting body

3

Nervous

Collects and processes information from the senses via nerves and the brain and tells the muscles to contract to cause physical actions

4

Cardiovascular/Circulatory System

Circulates blood via heart, arteries and veins
Also Lymphatic system, which circulates lymph (returns filtered blood)

5

Endocrine

Hormones enable chemical communication within the bocy

6

Muscular

Enables body to move using muscles

7

CNS

Brain and spinal cord

8

Peripheral Nervous System

All parts outside the brain and spinal cord
Cranial and spinal nerves
Communication lines between CNS and body

9

Sensory (Afferent) division

Somatic and visceral nerve fibers

10

Motor (Efferent) division

Motor Nerve fibers

11

Autonomic nervous system
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic

division of the PNS that includes all of the involuntary efferent neurons. Visceral motor (involuntary)
Sympathetic: fight or flight, increases HR, breathing, adrenaline and stress hormones
Parasympathetic: rest and digest when body is relaxed. Decreases all of above.Conservation.

12

Somatic nervous system

division of the PNS that includes all of the voluntary efferent neurons. Somatic motor (voluntary)

13

Lymphatic system

Lymphatic vessels carry lymph
Provides accessory return route for blood
Defense for immune system

14

Digestive system

Upper GI tract: liver, esophogus, stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, omentum, spleen
Lower GI tract: small intestine, large intestine (colon)

15

Endocrine System

Hypothalamus
Pineal gland
Pituitary
Thyroid
Thymus
Pancreas

16

Respiratory

Upper: nose, sinuses, Larynx
Lower: Trachea, lungs (bronchial system), diaphragm

17

Urinary

Kidneys, penis, prostate, ureters, urethra, bladder, vagina