Family Life & Interpersonal Relationships Flashcards Preview

Health Science CSET Review > Family Life & Interpersonal Relationships > Flashcards

Flashcards in Family Life & Interpersonal Relationships Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...
1

Instrumental and Terminal Values

Instrumental: a way of thinking that an indiv. values BEING
Terminal: goals/ideals a person works towards ATTAINING

2

Emotional intelligence

self awareness
altruism
motivation
empathy
ability to love/be loved

3

Self esteem

Largely determined in childhood
Can boost by positive talk and positive thinking

4

Refusal skills

Learning how to say "NO"

5

"I" Message

Acknowledging that individual controls own response

6

Gender diff

Women: taste, smell, hearing
Men: vision

Women: fine motor skills
Men: brute strength

Nature/nurture both create diff

7

Chemical love

Amphetamine like responses come from:
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Phenylethylamine

8

Anthropological love

Propagation oriented. Romance wanes after 4 years, enough time to have and raise an infant.

9

Piaget's stages of Cognitive Development

1. Sensorimotor stage, birth-2. Develops sense organs, learns objects exist out of sight
2. Preoperational stage, 2-7. Sympathy develops. Ability to imagine mental lives of others.
3. Concrete Operational stage, 7-12. Develops cognitive structures, including rule of conservation (volume does not change with shape)
4. Formal Operational stage, 12-onward. Abstract thought, theory rather than empirical knowledge, is developed.

10

Infancy stage

Birth - 2
social attachment
basic motor skills
notions of cause/effect

11

Toddler stage

2-4
Language devel
fantasy and play
improvement in self control

12

Middle school stage

5-12
cooperation
morals
gender roles
basic skills
Awareness of place in world

13

Adolescence

12-22
Sexuality
Peers over family
Independence and personal identity

14

Young adult

23-30
Marriage, perhaps Family, and Career establishment

15

Middle adult

31-50
Household maintenance
Child rearing
Career Advancement

16

Later adult

51-death
Accept events of life
Develop healthy perspective on life and death
Redirect personal energy to new roles and responsibilities

17

Marriage stats

90%+ of Americans will marry
Most fights are about money or sex

18

Traditional Marriage

Conform to prescribed marial roles

19

Companion-oriented marriage

Partnership and rewards of love more important than marital roles

20

Heath and marriage

Married people: more money, sex, better health
Men live longer, lower rates of alcohol abuse and depression
Women's wages go down

21

Divorce

US has highest rate of divorce
Divorced people more likely to marry again than singles
Effect on children is enormous, but does not affect academics.
After birth of child, marital satisfaction declines
Divorce rate rises after children

22

Puberty

Pituitary gland releases gonadotropins, which stimulate production of sex hormones, estrogen and testosterone

23

Hormone system

Endocrine system. Hypothalamus sends message to pituitary, which turns off and on glands that produce hormones. Hormones carried to target via bloodstream

24

Prostate cancer

More likely in African Americans

25

Bisexuality

Twice as many bisexuals as homosexuals. Highest proportion are married males having secret male lovers.

26

Male Sexual Anatomy

penis, scrotum, testes
Sperm sotred in Epididymis
Inside penis: 2 corpora cavernosa, 1 corpora spongiosum
Urethra transports urine and semen
Vas deferens carry sperm from epididymis to urethra
Seminal vesicles and vas deferens = ejaculatory ducts
Cowper's glands secrete fluid during arousal, may carry sperm

27

Female Pain during Sex

Dyspaurenia. Extreme form is Vaginismus. Can be anxiety caused.

28

Teen sex stats

1 in 4 experience same-sex attraction
US has higher rate of pregnancy

29

High Risk Sexual Behavior in Teens

40% did not use a condom
1 in 5 drank or took drugs before sex
18% of all new HIV diag are 13-24 yrs
Highest rates of STDs of any group
3 in 10 become pregnant before 20

30

Effective school-based HIV/STD prevention programs:

--delivered by trained instructors;
--are age-appropriate;
--include such components as skill-building lessons,
--support of healthy behaviors in school environments,
---involvement of parents, youth-serving organizations, and health organizations