Mental & Physical Health Elements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mental & Physical Health Elements Deck (19)
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1

Elements of Health

Optimistic Outlook
Freedom from pain/illness
Satisfying job
Clean environment
Supportive home life
Ability to relax
Energy to enjoy life

2

Health Domains

Psychological
Physical
Social
Spiritual
Intellectual
Environmental

3

Physical fitness

Flexibility
Muscular strength and endurance
Cardiovascular fitness
Agility
Balance

4

Physically fit people:

Can meet all daily physical needs
Have realistic image of selves
Work to protect selves from future health problems

5

Exercise inhibitors

Discomfort
Self conscious about body
Women don't want to gain muscle bulk (altho unlikely)
Lack of time or facilities

6

Self talk

Positive self talk leads to success
Self beating up leads to negative reinforcement

7

Locus of control

Internal: indiv. believes she can positively influence own health MORE LIKELY TO MAKE LONG LASTING CHANGE
External: believes that external forces determine health LESS LIKELY TO SEEK HELP, RATE HEALTH MORE POORLY

8

Wellness

The highest state of health. Actively enhancing health, not just maintaining. Psych, social and physical factors

9

Depression

1 in 10 experience major depression in any given year
1 in 3 will seek treatment
Help w/ psychotherapy; meds

10

Depression symptoms:

Sadness/discouragement for long period
Fatigue
Inability to concentrate
Suicidal thoughts
Withdrawal from social activity
No libido
Change in sleeping/eating

11

Phobia

Irrational intense fear of object or situation.
1 in 10 will devel. at some point in life
Meds only effective with behavioral therapy
Increase exposure while demonstrating coping strategies
Hypnosis

12

Obsessivecompulsive Disorder

Anxiety disorder
Plagued by recurring thought cannot escape
Repetitive, rigid behavior
Throughts of violence, contamination, doubt
Hand washing, cleaning, counting, checking locks
Gets in way of functioning
Treatment: meds and behav. therapy

13

ADHD

Hard time controlling motion and sustaining attention.
Not outgrown, adults just as likely to suffer from it
Treatment: Ritalin, stimulants, behav. therapy

14

Schizophrenia

Loses unity of mind and impaired function in almost every mental area
See/hear things
Believe external force is controlling
Delusions about identity
Sever anxiety, obsession about protecting self
Antipsychotic drugs can help, but cause apathy and are $$

15

IPT- Interpersonal Therapy

Does not attempt to treat origins of disorder
Helps indiv improve socially
Depression
Systhymia
Bulimia

16

Suicide

95% of suicidals have mental illness
Depression or alcoholism
Lost hope
Hereditary influence
Low level of seratonin
Easy access to guns

17

Mental & Emotional Health

Self-confidence, goal setting, coping skills, communication skills

18

Spirituality contributions

purpose and meaning, connectedness, service to others, positive self concept

19

Positive Youth Development

Engages youth in school, comm, peers, families
Recognizes strengths & promotes positive outcomes
-providing opportunities,
-fostering positive relationships, and
-furnishing the support needed to build on their leadership strengths