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Flashcards in Drugs Deck (21)
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1

Drug Abuse

WHO: any excessive drug use not approved by the medical profession. Some drugs in any quantity, others in large quantities.

2

Anabolic steroids

Synthetic derivatives of testosterone
Bad for liver, brain and repro organs
Heart disease if long use

3

Human Growth Hormone (HGH)
Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB)

Steroid alternatives, bad side effects like nausea, seizures, coma

4

Toxicity

Any level of drug that is poisonous.
Liver detoxifies with enzymes

5

General, Local, Selective

Effect on body. General = entire body, Local = one area, Selective = much greater effect on one organ or system.

6

Prescription Drugs

FDA give permission for 20 new drugs a year.
Most common mistakes:
-over or under dosing
-omitting labeling info
-wrong dose form
-allergic reactions

7

Psych problems w/presc drugs

Drugs most likely to cause psych probs:
-depression
-HBP
-epilepsy
-asthma
-insomnia
-arthritis

Older people more affected

Depression by lower blood pressure
Anxiety by overstim CNS

8

Drug Interaction

Additive: cumulative effects = sum total of each drug
Synergistic: = greater than total
Potentiating = one drug increases effect of another
Antagonistic = neutralize or stifle effects of one another

9

Addiction process

Beginning: intoxication is goal
Later: avoiding withdrawal symptoms is goal
Polyabuse: abusers take several drugs
Comorbidity: overlap between people with chemical
dependency and psych disorders.

10

Drug dependency

Crave pleasure
Escape anxiety
Dependency in order to function normally
Physical dependency = increased amount to achieve
desired effect

11

Amphetamines

Intitially prescribed for weight control
Extremely addictive and dangerous
Benzedrine Dexedrine Methedrine Ritalin Cylert Preludin
Taken orally (may be smoked, injected, snorted)
Methamphetamine extremely addictive, lasts 12-14 hrs

Alert, full of energy, well being, confidence, perceived clear thinking (no research supports this)
Talkative and animated, restless
Large dose = confusion, incoherence, anxiety, heart palp
Short term: heart trouble, loose of coordination,anger, nausea, chills
Long term: malnutrition, skin disorders, insomnia, depression, vitamin deficiencies, brain damage affecting speech

12

Non-biological Addiction Factors

Lack self control
No opposition to drugs
Low self esteem
Depression
Poverty or isolation
Association with drug users

13

Inhalants

"Huffing"
Momentary hallucinations and well being
Effects last only for seconds

Chronic use leads to kidney failure, hepatitis, respiratory probs, irreg HB, bone probs, heart failure.
Can die first time

14

Barbituates

Depress CNS, reduce physical and mental tension
Decrease alertness, cause drowsiness
Long term use can result in comatose condition
Overdose can immediately result in coma, stupor, death

15

PCP/Angel Dust (Phencyclidine)

One of most dangerous drugs
Profound change in perception
Hallucinations
Delusions of strength
Psychosis
Flushing, increase HR, insensitivity to pain, impaired coordination and speech, stupor.
Danger to others
Immediate coma or death

16

Chronic drug use

Fatigue
Weight loss
Cough
Body aches
Blackouts
Psych turmoil, paranoia
Stress of maintaining habit

17

Caffeine

Most common psychotropic
Relieves drowsiness
Helps w/repetitive tasks
Improves physical performance, endurance
Extreme doses = seizure and reap failure
No evidence birth defects

18

Cocaine and crack (treated to smoke, more intense high)

One of most addictive and deadly abused substance
Feeling of invulnerability, high energy
Short term: headaches, shaking, seizures, death
Long term: BP probs, sexual function, heart probs, brain
hemorrhage, hepatitis, malnutrition

19

Cannabis

Relaxes, affects mood, heightens senses
Speeds HR, dries mouth, lethargy, impairs reactions
Large dose = panic attack, hallucination
Long term = decreased motivation, laziness
Psych dependence, impaired memory and cognition, high BP, lung probs, infertility.

20

Ecstacy (MDMA)

Happiness, euphoria
Insomnia, nausea, fatigue, concentration prob, dehydration

21

Opioids

Narcotic family relaxes CNS, relieves pain, sense of wellness.
Restlessness, nausea, weight loss, sex, speech, sweating, drowsiness, impaired judgment, attention and memory
Extremely addictive, malnutrition, impaired immune system, infection of heart/lungs, hepatitis, tetanus, HIV, skin abcess. Can die from OD