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Flashcards in Foundations of Health Education Deck (17)
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National Health Standards

1. Promote Health/Prevent Disease
2. External Factors
3. Information Access
4. Communication
5. Decision Making
6. Goal Setting
7. Practice
8. Advocacy


Health disparities in socially disadvantaged populations

Environmental threats
Inadequate access to health care
Individual and behavioral factors
Educational inequalities (i.e. dropout rate)


School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS)

national survey periodically conducted to assess school health policies and programs at the state, district, school, and classroom levels, including those related to infectious diseases


Infectious disease prevention in schools

--Sick students and staff stay home
-hand hygiene
-cleaning and disinfecting classroom materials and surfaces.
-Providing messages in daily announcements
-safe handling of food and
-use of standard precautions when handling body fluids and excretions.
-Encouraging students and staff to get annual influenza vaccinations.


protective Factors

School Connectedness
Parental Engagement in Schools
Positive parenting practices


Competitive foods in schools

limits on calories, salt, sugar, and fat
whole grains, low fat dairy, fruits, vegetables or protein


Physical activity facts

6–17 years participate in at least 60 minutes of physical activity daily.
Only 29% had done so


Schools Promote Physical Activity

-Comprehensive activity programs: recess, intramural clubs, interscholastic sports,
-physical ed offered to all students in all grades
-work with community orgs to provide extracurricular phys ed programs and share facilities


Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP)

quality physical education as the foundation, physical activity before, during, and after school, staff involvement, and family and community engagement.


Standard 1
Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.

1.12.1 Predict how healthy behaviors can affect health status.
1.12.2 Describe the interrelationships of emotional, intellectual, physical, and social health.
1.12.3 Analyze how environment and personal health are interrelated.
1.12.4 Analyze how genetics and family history can impact personal health.
1.12.5 Propose ways to reduce or prevent injuries and health problems.
1.12.6 Analyze the relationship between access to health care and health status.
1.12.7 Compare and contrast the benefits of and barriers to practicing a variety of healthy behaviors.
1.12.8 Analyze personal susceptibility to injury, illness, or death if engaging in unhealthy behaviors.
1.12.9 Analyze the potential severity of injury or illness if engaging in unhealthy behaviors.


Standard 2
Students will analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors.

2.12.1 Analyze how the family influences the health of individuals.
2.12.2 Analyze how the culture supports and challenges health beliefs, practices, and behaviors.
2.12.3 Analyze how peers influence healthy and unhealthy behaviors.
2.12.4 Evaluate how the school and community can affect personal health practice and behaviors.
2.12.5 Evaluate the effect of media on personal and family health.
2.12.6 Evaluate the impact of technology on personal, family, and community health.
2.12.7 Analyze how the perceptions of norms influence healthy and unhealthy behaviors.
2.12.8 Analyze the influence of personal values and beliefs on individual health practices and behaviors.
2.12.9 Analyze how some health risk behaviors can influence the likelihood of engaging in unhealthy behaviors.
2.12.10 Analyze how public health policies and government regulations can influence health promotion and disease prevention.


Standard 3
Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid information, products, and services to enhance health.

3.12.1 Evaluate the validity of health information, products, and services.
3.12.2 Use resources from home, school, and community that provide valid health information.
3.12.3 Determine the accessibility of products and services that enhance health.
3.12.4 Determine when professional health services may be required.
3.12.5 Access valid and reliable health products and services.


Standard 4
Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.

4.12.1 Use skills for communicating effectively with family, peers, and others to enhance health.
4.12.2 Demonstrate refusal, negotiation, and collaboration skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.
4.12.3 Demonstrate strategies to prevent, manage, or resolve interpersonal conflicts without harming self or others.
4.12.4 Demonstrate how to ask for and offer assistance to enhance the health of self and others.


Standard 5
Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health.

5.12.1 Examine barriers that can hinder healthy decision making.
5.12.2 Determine the value of applying a thoughtful decision-making process in health-related situations.
5.12.3 Justify when individual or collaborative decision making is appropriate.
5.12.4 Generate alternatives to health-related issues or problems.
5.12.5 Predict the potential short-term and long-term impact of each alternative on self and others.
5.12.6 Defend the healthy choice when making decisions.
5.12.7 Evaluate the effectiveness of health-related decisions.


Standard 6
Students will demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills to enhance health.

6.12.1 Assess personal health practices and overall health status.
6.12.2 Develop a plan to attain a personal health goal that addresses strengths, needs, and risks.
6.12.3 Implement strategies and monitor progress in achieving a personal health goal.
6.12.4 Formulate an effective long-term personal health plan.


Standard 7
Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.

7.12.1 Analyze the role of individual responsibility for enhancing health.
7.12.2 Demonstrate a variety of healthy practices and behaviors that will maintain or improve the health of self and others.
7.12.3 Demonstrate a variety of behaviors to avoid or reduce health risks to self and others.


Standard 8
Students will demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health.

8.12.1 Utilize accurate peer and societal norms to formulate a health-enhancing message.
8.12.2 Demonstrate how to influence and support others to make positive health choices.
8.12.3 Work cooperatively as an advocate for improving personal, family, and community health.
8.12.4 Adapt health messages and communication techniques to a specific target audience.