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Spinal Exam One > Bone Classification > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bone Classification Deck (15):
1

What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone

long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, paranasal sinus or pneumatic bones and sesamoid bones

2

What are the classifications given to abnormal bone stressed in Spinal 2

heterotopic and accessory bone

3

What is the name given to bone formed in a non-bone location

heterotopic bone

4

What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone

accessory bone

5

What are the names given to the parts of a long bone

the diaphysis (shaft) and typically two epiphyses (extremities)

6

What is the primary characteristic of short bones

they are essentially cuboidal

7

What are examples of short bones

most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus

8

What are flat bones

a thin layer of spongy bone is sandwiched between two layers of compact bone

9

What are examples of flat bones

the parietal bone and sternum

10

What are examples of pneumatic bone

frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, sphenoid and temporal

11

What bones contain paranasal sinuses

frontal, ethmoid, maxilla and sphenoid

12

What is the characteristic of sesamoid bone

the bone develops with in a tendon

13

What are examples of heterotopic bone

calcific deposits in the pineal gland, heart, and ligaments

14

What are examples of accessory bone

para-articular processes and bony spurs on vertebrae

15

What are the consistent examples of seasamoid bones

The patella and pisaform