Bone Surface Features Flashcards Preview

Spinal Exam One > Bone Surface Features > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bone Surface Features Deck (26):
1

What are the four basic surface feature categories

Elevations, depressions, tunnels or passageways, and facets

2

What are the types of osseous elevations

linear, rounded and sharp

3

What are the types of osseous linear elevations

the line, ridge and crest

4

What is an example of the slightest type of osseous linear elevation

transverse lines of sternum

5

What are the types of rounded osseous elevations

tubercle, protuberance, trochanter, tuber or tuberosity, and malleolus

6

What is the definition of an osseous malleolus

a hammerhead-like elevation on the surface of a bone

7

What are the categories of sharp osseous elevation

spine and process

8

What is the definition of an osseous process

a relatively sharp boney projection from the surface of bone with an increased length

9

What are the categories of osseous depressions

linear and rounded depressions

10

What are the categories of osseous linear depressions

notch or incisure, groove and sulcus

11

What is the definition of an osseous groove

a long furrow of variable depth on the surface of bone

12

What is the definition of an osseous sulcus

a wide groove of variable length and depth on the surface of bone

13

What are the categories of rounded osseous depressions

the fovea and fossa

14

What is the definition of an osseous fovea

a shallow depression of variable circumference on the surface of bone

15

What is the definition of an osseous fossa

a deep depression of variable circumference on the surface of bone

16

What are the names given to opening on the surface of bone

ostium or orifice and hiatus

17

What is the definition of an osseous hiatus

an irregular opening on the surface of bone

18

What are the names given to osseous ostia which completely penetrate bone

foramen or canal

19

What is the definition of an osseous foramen

an ostium passing completely through a thin region of bone

20

What is the definition of an osseous canal

an ostium passing completely through a thick region of bone

21

What is the name given to an ostium which does not completely penetrate through a region of bone but appears as a blind ended passageway

meatus

22

What is the definition of an osseous fissure

an irregular slit-like or crack-like appearance between the surfaces of adjacent bones

23

What are the categories of osseous facets

flat facets and rounded facets

24

What are examples of a flat osseous facet

the articular facets of most zygapophyses of the vertebral colum

25

What are categories of rounded osseous facets

articular heads and articular condyles

26

What is the definition of an osseous condyle

a knuckle-shaped surface on bone for osseous articulation